Kingsboro Misc

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This course in modern theories of psychotherapy has had as one of its main focuses various conceptions of therapeutic change.  In this paper I hope to shed some light on the meaning of change and the forces that oppose it by contrasting the insights of a psychologist, George Kelly, with that of a writer, Luigi Pirandello.

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George Kelly’s theory of personality is based upon a philosoph­ ical viewpoint which he terms construct alternativism. This position assumes that there is always more than one way of effectively viewing a situation. Thus, an absolute viewpoint of the world is not feasible, man will have to make do with a series of successive approximations to it• The manner in which a pereon views a situation is in many ways similar to the hypothesis of a scientist: both are tentative assertions whose validity is established through the execution of relevant experiments.

Kelly calls the hypotheses that man makes about himself and his world constructs, and he calls the personal theories that result from their integration into a hierarchal structure personal construct systems.

For Kelly the main emphasis on man’s mental processes is placed in the future: in the anticipation of events. Just as a theory’s validity resides in its ability to predict experimental outcomes, so the value of

a man’s construct system can be found in its ability to anticipate the results of an on-going experience. This conception of man entails an emphasis different from most other psychological theories. The psycho­ dynamically oriented and the behavioristically oriented therapists see.

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their job as working against the confinds of the past. In psychoanalysis, for instance, the therapeutic work is conceptualized in such terms as fixations, repressions and regressions. In behavioral therapy therapeutic change is theorized to occur through the replacement of inappropriate responses (response which were appropriate at one time in the past) by behavior more appropriate to the present situation. In both cases neurotic behavior is seen as stemming from the intrusion of the paat into the present. From a different angle the existential school of psychology

has shifted the emphaiis on time to coincide more with the present moment, almost to the extent of ignoring the past. For instance, Sartre considers such concepts as unconscious determinism and response repertoire as acting according to bad faith.*

As opposed to these viewpoints, George Kelly places a major emphasis on the future as a determinate of our mental functioning.

Certainly it may be argued that one anticipates the future only in a

way which is congruent with past experiences. Kelly, however, is saying that man’s prime motivation (although he shys away from using that term) is the successful anticipation of the future. The future outcome of a current act is the means by which that act is judged appropriate. An important point to realize is that Kelly is not here talking of behavior per se (for, after all, is not the anticipation of future anxiety a determinate of much contemporaneous behavior?) but is, instead, concerned with an epistemological issue. He is interested in how we construct a coherent world-view and of our relationship to it.

*It is interesting to note that such a stance is in many ways similar to that maintained by Freud in his early writings. At tba time Freud held that neurosis was the result of a conscious act of repression.

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The distinction between Kelly and most other psychological theoreticians is very similar to the distinction that can be drawn between a scientist and his subject in an experiment. The scientist sets up a certain hypothesis and then structures a situation such that its outcome will either prove or disprove it. The scientist’s behavior with respect to the experiment is part of a calculated strategy for determining whether he has successfully anticipated the future. On the other hand, the subject’s behavior is determined by the scientist’s manipulation of the enviroment. The question is: As human beings, do we behave more like scientists or more like subjects? In the introduction

that Kelly wrote for Bannister’s Perspectives in Personal Construct Theory he writes: “Scientists are men, and, while it does not follow that men are scientists, it is quite appropriate to ask if it is not their human character that make scientists what they are.” Kelly’s implicit answer is yes. Both the scientist and the human being make their way through unordered reality by channelizing their contact with the formulation of

specific anticipations. The anticipation of the scientist is the hypothesis,

the anticipation of the human being is the construct.

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It may seem like an odd shift to Luigi Pirandello, the prolific Sicilian writer, but it is my contention that both he and Kelly are saying much the same thing. Pirandello’s plays (and short stories, of which he wrote two-hundred and thirty-three) are about plays, performing, acting and role playing not so much as they relate to the theatre but as

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they relate to the ,paces outside of the formal stage. What Pirandello often does is to separate the actor from the character he is to play and in this way distills life out of its imposing form. The writer constructs a

4

character into •hich an actor can pour his life. The most obvious example of this process can be seen in the writer’s most famous play: “Six Characters in Search of An Author.” Here we are presented with, on the one hand, six characters whose author has not let them live in his literary achievements and, on the other hand, six actors who have life but no real characterizations to present to a potential audience.

More than most creators both Pirandello and Kelly have been able to marry their form to their content by joining their respective

media (scientific theory and the stage) to their messages. Kelly constructs his theory on how people construct their lives by theorizing that the

two processes are the same. He believes that all psychological theories are metaphores for the psychic processes that they set out to explain, just as Pirandello uses the stage character as a metaphor for the character which goes into the making of man.

The essence of both Pirandello and Kelly is to be found in their belief that the only way to interact with reality is by imposing constructs upon it. For both writers, men must dare to say: ”This is sot,” while,

at the same time, dimly aware that it is so only because man has said it is so, with a lot of disinterested, contradictory reality remaining underneath. The crucial difference between them is that Kelly believes that the act of construction is harmonious with nature while Pirandello maintains that it is a false mask, a hopeless sham.

Concerning Pirandello’s view on this matter, Adriano Filgher, in his essay entitled ”Life Verses Form,” writes:

Most men live within frozen constructs, without even so much as surmising that a dark, furious ocean may stir under them••• In the man who has achieved this deliverance from the form of life, any human construction arouses a sense of contrast which

5

topples it under his very eyes. There is something comical and grievous at the same time in that crash. The crash is comical because it lays bare the intrinsic unreality of human construction, but grievous too, because, however flimsy, the

re demolished structure did afford man a shelter from the mad stream of life.

Kelly is an optimist because for him the act of construction is capable of allowing man to approach reality. In this sense he is also an existentialist for he sees man’s main distinction in his role as creator: a creature who structures his own meaning. A therapist almost by definition must be an optimist for he must be able to see the possibility of a therapeutic change for the better. Kelly’s emphasis on the future Ms gives him a lot of room in which to work. There a large number of effective predictors of events and the individual has ample opportunity to test the actual outcome against the selected predictor. Kelly’s conception of therapeutic change is a clear, logical empirical process

in which an over-riding strategy is implimented by a set of systematic changes which are immediately “tested in the field,” the resulting feedback being utalized for any necessary modifications.

Kelly talks of adjustments such as loosening and tightening the

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construct system in a manner which sounds similar to how one would fiddle

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with the tint control and fine tuning in order to get a c picture out of a color television set.

On the other hand, Pirandello is a pessimist: not only does he believe that construction, although man’s only saving grace from the chaotic formlessness of nature, is a futile effort, but, also, that we are locked into the character which we have build around ourselves. Even if he could conceive of change it would only be from one suffocating myth

to another.

For Kelly, the mentally disturbed client is one who has a ineffective theory of life, a poorly structured form which can not effectively anticipate future outcomes, a construction which leads to constant contradiction from reality. He sees therapy as having two options:

  1. making careful, well thought-out changes in the construct system, while, at the same time, maintaining its basic structure.
  2. creating an entirely new construct system for the client.

    The second option Kelly calls fixed-role therapy and I find it one of the most interesting, if not original therapys that I have come across. Basically it involves the enactment by the client of a personality
    which is specifically wr1tten with him in mind. This character sketch is
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    a fictional creation, in many ways very similar to the client, even to the
    point of having a different name. In The Psycholosx of Personal Constructs, Kelly offers a proposed “patter” for the introduction of a sketch to a client (in this case the client’s name is Ronald Bareett and the name of the character is Kenneth Norton):

    “Before we go into the problet11s which brought you here to the clinic I would like you to spend at least two weeks doini some preparatory abrk. This will be something unusual. If it seems strange, so much the better.”
    “Here is a character sketch of a person by the name of Kenneth Norton. In some ways he is, of course, quite a different kind of person from you. In other ways, I suppose, he may be a little like you. But whether he is or isn’t is not important. Let’s
    go over it together•••”


  1. After “introducing” and describing the character to the client Kelly continues:


  1. “For the next two weeks I want you to do something unusual. I want you to act as if you were Kenneth Norton. We will work it out together. For two weeks try to forget that you are Ronald Barrett or that you ever were. You _fil Kenneth Norton! You _!£S like him! You think like him You talk to your friends the way
    yo1.1 t-bir±kyo-J think he would talk! You do the things you think he would do!
    You even have his interests and you enjoy the things he would enjoy! •••”
    ”You might say that we are going to send Ronald on a two weeks’ vacation and let him rest up. In the meantime Kenneth will take over. Other people may not know it but Ronald will not even be around. Of course you will have to let peoJJe k ep on calling you Ronald, but you will think of yourself as Kenneth. After two weeks we will let Ronald come back and then see what we can do to help him.”

    This technique is in many ways similar to behavioral therapy-­ but a behavioral therapy conceived of in more molar terms. Kelly is not concerned with the inadequate responses of his clients but with their inappropriate world-views. One way to pick out the behaviorist from the
    psychodynamic psychologist is to ask: ”Does one’s self-conception determine behavior or does behavior determine one’s self-conception?” Kelly most definitely answers in sympathy with the former view. He maintains that we behave in accord with the manner in which we anticipate and we, in turn,
    anticipate in accord with our constructed world-view. But through his


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  1. philosophy of construct alternativism Kelly is able to subsume world-view under a more inclusive design of a reality capable of supporting a

  1. number of different but equally effective world-views. Just as a behavioral therapist may be interested in substitut4ng an appropriate response for
    an inappropriate one, so Kelly, who conceives of reality as a stiiwlus and

    of a construct system as its inately human response, is interested in replacing by
    an inappropriate world-view,.- a more appropriate one.

    Both Pirandelo6s concern with lifeless form and Kelly’s interest
    in formless life have important implications for a theory of successful

  1. therapeutic change. George Kelly’s views on this matter are explicitly stated in his clinic writings but what has Pirandello to offer?
    ha;–; ing to say- rt
    • In his work he attempts to illustrate the basic turmoil in the human condition. The turmoil is the inability DI of form to incorporate all of life. Thus, in his preface to “Six Characters in Search of an Author/’ Pirandello writes: “The life which in order to exist has become fixed in our corporeal form little

by little kills that form.” Or note Vittorini1 s interpretation of Pirandello’s message: ”Man not only encloses himself in a concept, but he also immobilizes in it every one of his emotions and feeli .” This last quote has the beginnings of a very sound definition of mental disturbance.

In the works of Pirandello that I have studied for this paper I have been unable to find any explicit answer to the basic irreconcil•

ability between form and life. However, I believe that Pirandello assumes that the answer is implicit in a confrontation with the problem. He e,q,oses the cause of human suffering so that we may face it head on. Pirandello’s

genius stems from his ability to forcefully lable the situation and confront his audience with it in its naked horror.

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The Italian drama critic Glauco Gambon (although he adds a hopeful, pleasing tone that I think Pirandello would definitely disagree with) sums it up in the following quote:

To accept the construction into which Life has been forced; to participate in them with heartfelt belief and yet avoid crystal• lizing oneself in one of them or in one of the•r systems, but to retain so IWch spiritual fusion or fluidity that one’s soul. may go on from form without finally coagulating in any, without fearing the impurities it inevitably carries along in its ceaseless flow, since that very flowing will purify it: here is the practical wisdom off life.”

Not only is this the practical wisdom of life, but it also

approximates a very adequate definition of mental health. In fact, this quote could almost come from Kelly’s own pen–words like “constructions,”

“systems” and “fluidity” are central in his thinking.

If Georgo Kelly and Luigi Pirandello can both do juggling acts between lives and characters then how inately determined are the charactres

that each one of us live Both wrGters assume a far greater flexibility in our sense of self than we ourselves are willing to admit.

Kelly’s problem in fixed-role therapy is one of finding coherent characters for his clients, while Pirandello lll.lst dispense an excess of life (in the sense that he creates popular fiction which can live in the

woeld’s culture) to the lifeless characters which come to him for help.

A section from Pirandello’s short story “The Tragedy of a Character” may help illustrate the above. In it Pirandello explains how he holds

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audience every Sunday morning for the prospective characters of his

future s ories. There are usually a dozen or so of them in the reception room hoping to be fitted into the world of great literature. Pirandello writes of one such character:

I shall always remember how very meekly a poor little old man, who had come to my house from far away, awaited his turn. He was a certain Maestro Icilio Saporini, who’d gone off to America in 1849, upon the fall of the Roman Republic–h1ed been exciled for having set to music some patriotic hymn or other–and who now, at the age of almost eighty, had returned, some forty-five years later, to die in Italy. Extraordinarily punctilious in his observance of all the refinements of etiquette, and with·a small gnat-like voice, he let all have precedence. And then, at last, one day when I was convalescing after a long illness, I

saw him come into my room, very humbly, with a slight, timid smile on his lips.

“If I might–If you woulda’t mind•1″

“Why, of course, my dear old mant” He’d chosen a most opportune mom nt. And I made him die in:mediately in a short story called Old Jollsic.

Pirandello is no where more powerful in his illustration of the “life-form gap” than when he tackles the mind-body split. The Short story “Puberty” (which, incidently, contains an extraordinary amount .of psycholog­ ical insight into the main character) will serve us as an example.

“Puberty” tells of the conflict which Dretta, a girl suffering through the changes of puberty, confronts as her psychological conception of herself can not keep up with the rapid transformations taking place in her body.

After that she’d move over to the mirror. She’d stand there, feeling pretty smug about the promising curve of her h,ps•••

“Oh, you’re a most seductive young !idy, that you are!” .

And she’d burst out laughing.

Dretta can not reconcile her effect on others (through her body) with her feelings about herself (through her psyche). The body is forever changing–first ripening towards sexual maturity and, afterwards, aging and, eventually, getting sick and dying. One’s mind can not easily keep pace with the aging of the body. Basically, this results from the fact that the mind, by coordinating reality through intricate constructs is more willing to reinterpret input from reality than to reconstruct the construct system in order, for instance, to admit the appearance of secondary sex characteristics or the addition of a few more wrinkles.

Dretta, for her part, is overwhelmed as she watches her body maturing towards a position she refuses to accept. To admit to being a sexually mature young lady would be to completely change her conception of herself as a sweet, innocent young girl. Thus, Pirandello illustrates how the aging process reveals the fixation of forms out from which life is contin• uously trying to burst. In “Puberty” as well as in many of his plays, Pirandello makes symbolic use of the mirror as a means of reflecting the conflict between the ever-flowing current of life and the immobility

of the constructs used to locate ourselves in its stream.

In summary, both Kelly and Pirandello hold basic to their beliefs the idea that human suffering stems from the basic antagonism between life and form. elief from this suffering can only come about by a refitting of one’s form in order to more adequately incorporate the motion of life. Both writers see the necessity not of changing one form for another but of coming up with a form that is capable of matching the fluidity of life.

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  • Kingsboro doc lashes feds’ Medicaid probeGunman·. is slain
    during
    By MARK MOONEY
    Daily News Staff Writer
    The federal inspection last month that saved Kingsboro Psychiatric Center·its eligibil­ ity to receive Medicaid funds
    ) was a fraud, one doctor in the hospital charged yesterday.

    • The doctor, a veteran of the facility, said Kingsboro was given advance notice that the April survey would take place . Another employe, a treat­ ment team leade r, said the hospital was “superprepared”for the visit.
      As part of the elaborate ef­ fort to portray Kingsboro in the best possible light , two busloads of disruptive pa­ tients were taken on a field trip to the Bronx that day, the doctor said.
      Kingsboro came within days of losing its Medicaid eligibil­ ity because of a scathing fed­ eral inspection in January that found severe problems in nearly every department.
      The followup survey in

      April found that conditions had greatly improved and the threat to remove the hos­ pi ta1 ‘s Medicaid eligibility was removed.
      For weeks before. staff members were busy backdat-
      ing reports and preparing schedules of nonexistent ac­ tivities for the patients, the doctor said.
      Three days before the in­ spection took place. the hospi­ tal staff was alerted.
      “I don’t understand how we passed HCFA,” the doctor said, referring to the survey by the U.S. Health Care Financ­ ing Administration. “Patients are naked, they are urinating on themselves because they have to go to the bathroom, but there’s no one to take them. There is constant yelling in a lot of wards , so when someone yells for help, you don’t hear them anymore.”
      The doctor, whose identity is being protected by the Daily News, said most of the pa­ tients see their doctor so rare­ ly they don’t even know the doctor’s na me.
      He said the inspection was a
      “dog and pony show.”
      “Before HCFA would get to a building, we would get a call
      saying
      HCFA is on the way,” the doctor said .
      The hospital allegedly had patients sign a form attesting that they had attended a medi­ cation group, which didn’t ex­ ist.
      “After HCFA left, the place started falling apart again,” the doctor said.
      When told that Joel Dvoskin, acting chief of the state Office of Mental Health, said Kings­ boro had improved, the doctor paused and said: “Maybe it’s a little bit be tt e r. The urine smells are a little better.”
      Roger Klingman, a spokes­ man for Dvoskin, said the . HCFA survey accurately por­ trayed a dramatic improve­ ment. “We have never said Kingsboro is precisely where we want it to be,” said Kling­ man, “but we stand by our comments that they have made tremendous strides in a very short period of time in implementing a wide range of improvements.”
      robbery
      By JOHN MARZULLI
      and JOSE LAMBIET
      Daily News Staff Writers
      An armed robber coolly ripping off shoppers at a
      .trendy upper East Side used-clothing store was shot dead by cops when he buzzed them into the store, believing they were other customers.
      Police had been alert­ ed to the crime by a shop­ per using a cordless phone slipped to her by the owner.
      When the three officers who.entered ordered Gregory Legrier, 19, to put down his .380 semi­ automatic, he pointed it at them and was shot dead, police said.
      The drama unfolded when Legrierwalked into the second-floor Second Chance Designers store at 78th St. and Lexington Ave. shortly before noon
      and asked owner Maria
      CONGRADUATIONS– :’ · ,
      Ridolfi if she “had any­
      .thing for my mother for Mother’s Day.”
      She showed him a few things in the shop, which specializes in cast-off de­ signer wear. Legrier left,
      . only to retl!rn minutes ;’. later, gun in hand.
      Legrier – who served time for a 1992 robbery in the same precinct – robbed the lone customer inside and demanded money from Hidol fi.
      H _P thPn ,uai
      STATE OF NEW YORK IMPROPER PRACTICE CHARGE

      • PtmLIC EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS BOARD

INSD.UCTIONS: File an original and four (4) DO NOT WRITE IN ‘!’EIS SPACE copies of this charge with the Director of

Public Employment Practices and Representation, Case No. U-

N w York State Public Employment Relations Board, SO Wolf Road, Albany, NY 12205-2604.

If more space is required for any item, ttach Date Received: adc:.itional sheets, numbering item accordingly.

  1. CID-.RGING PARTY
    1. Name (If employee organization, give full name, including affiliation and local name and number):

    1. Address (No. & Street, City and Zip Code, County):35 EAsr E/’;[.-r Pf VE
      Telephone Number:

    1.  
    2. Name and title of the reoresentative filing charge:v, ,_r·, Le.. i)’ /-;.’) N.‘- )’ .’ r: ,c D
      (“\.C. t.J t,) c:;. M ./ {- ,j-, .
    3. Name, address ,d telephone number of attorney or other representative, if any, to horn correspo ience is to be directed:Telepncne Number:

    1.  
  1. ?UBLIC EMPLO AND/OR EMPLOYEE ORGANIZA7:0N AGAINST W: :C3 CHARGE :s 3 0UGHT
    1. Name and Address (No. & Street, City and Zip Code, Couz:ty): _G-‘C ;. I( t.,t1PL..u1‘/t E !:, ¼c{ .Ai

      I I6g> /f’….o‘t Y:11v1t r rAt;)’ R(‘:)
      b. Telephone Nur.iber: 5 i %’– ) gI oO P.o . 5o ‘..( JJ..L1 IL/
      • d . ; 1.. ;J.j 2.I

  1. Is the charqing party filing an application for inju., tive relie: p rsuant to§204.15 of t e Board’s Rules of Proced re?


  1. YES
    NO

  1. VIOT,!i’.!’!QNS ALLEGED
  2. Pursuant to ;..=-ticle 14 of the Civil Service Law, as amended (Public Employees’ Fair Employ;;.-ent Act), the charging par y hereby alleges that the above-named respondent(s) has (have) engaged in or is (are) engaging in an irr;,roper practice within the eaning of the following su:,sections of Section 209-a of said Act (check the s-.:bsection(s) allegedly violated):If bv a oublic emolover
    209-a.1(a)
    209-a.l(b)
    209-a.1(c)
    209-a.1(d)
    209-a.1(e)
    If by an employee or=a ization (L/1209-a.2 (a)
    ( ) 209-a.2(b)
    ( f 2O 9 – a . 2 ( c) *
    * If the charge alleges a violation of Section 209-a.2(c) of the Act based on an employee organization’ processing of or failure to process a claim that a public employer has breached its agreement wi h such employee organization, identify t e public employer:

    1. Name and Address (No. & Street, City and Zip Code, County):

    2. Telephone Number:
  3. Specify in detail the alleged violation(s): In7lude names, dates, times, plac:s and particular actions constituting each violation. Use additional sheet(s) if necessary. Failure to supply sufficient factual detail may result i.. a delayprocessing or dismissal of the charge. in

    My union, Public Employees Federation (PEF), has failed to adequately represent me in the ongoing complaintsI have made to them against Kingsboro Psychiatric Center. In fact, during the process of trying to get the issues acldressed with Kingsboro administration, the union has acted against me, including threatening me with death and falsifying documents. For instance, on August 20, 1995I senta letter to Mr. Carrothers, a PEF official in Albany, who was suppose to investigate the legal and contractual aspect of my concerns. I received no response. I have sent numerous letter to other union officials including President Sheedy; again usually receiving no response. For specifics, please see the
    enclosed copies of some of these recent letters.

    Because of PEFs’ failure to protect and represent me in these matters I felt I had no other recourse but to
    resign from Kingsboro Psychiatric Center on September 6, 1995. Among other continuing concerns, Kingsboro is refusing to respond to my attempts to request the approximately $5,000 in vacation pay due
    me.
    Many of the specific charges are detailed in a large quantity of documents, notes and transcripts that both the union and Kingsboro administration have in their possession and include instances of altered/falsified documents, money illegally taken from my paycheck, etc.. Others agencies have responded to my concerns (most recently the Brooklyn District Attorney’s Office) where the union has failed.I will provide more
    details upon request.

  1. If the charge alleges a vie tion of Section 209-a.l(d) or 209-a.2( ) of the Act, has the charging party noti ied the Board in writing of the exister.ce ofpursuant to Section 205.l o the Board’s Rules of Procedure? an impasse

    YES NO

  1.  
  2. Is the charging party available immediately to participate in ·

conference and a formal hearing? –.n·/ a c· ·pre-nearing

YES NO

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STA:3 OF NEW YOR..<:

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COUNTY OF j/’.tv-..1

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{s)he is the char-ging party above named, or i; , being d1:l1y sworn deooses and says, that

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above charge consisting of this and addit” representative, _and t a (s) e has read the alleged therein, which facts (s)he know t anal page(s), and is familiar with the facts

information and belief, which matters (:)h b:1 c tt e o those matters alleged on

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(Signature)

liv/J-r:/ Y _

(Title)

Subscribed and sworn to before me this day of f./”tJ 1,r , 19gt’11.

NOTARY

VED SA

PU61JC, S\at.e d Naw York

No- ,41-4970564

PERB 579 {l/95

Qualif.ed In Queens C’.)Unty

mbSiOO Expires Aug. 13, 1005

Kenneth Lee Diamond, Ph.D. 235 East 81s t Street, Apt. 2FE New York, NY 10028

Tel# 212- 472-3137

Fax# 212-472-3137

October 5, 1995

M. Jorawar Personnel Office

Kingsboro Psychiatric Center 681 Clarkson Avenue Brooklyn, NY

Fax# 718-221-7206

Dear Mr. Jorawar,

On September 6, 1995, under extreme duress, I resigned employment from Kingsboro Psychiatric Center due to severe retaliation for my attempts to report patient mistreatment there. This retaliation included threats against my life and my career. I had been attempting to pursue these concerns through the grievance process but have been meet with further retaliation, harassment, and cover-up. I recently asked that these matters be taken to the next step in this process soon after which the intensity of actions against me increased to a level which I had not experienced since I reported my suspicions of child abuse/neglect at Kingsboro in 1989. Early this year I met with my union representatives on Kingsboro grounds in order to discuss these issues and was threatened with death if I continued. I have filed police reports and spoken with the Brooklyn District Attorney’s Office on several different occasions about these matters. The union has (and I assume still are) investigating all these matters and have promised to get back to me — I am still awaiting their response. To this date, I have been unable to get written confirmation of whether my resignation has been accepted. All the agencies that I have spoken to have maintained that I am still an active employee. My last Time & Attendance Sheet has not been received, money owed me has not been sent. and I can not extend my medical insurance since I am still listed as an active employee. When I spoke to you last week about this you transferred me to the Business Office who told me that they were still waiting for your office to change my status.

I have heard recent reports of employees at Kingsboro attacking and misrepresenting my actions in this matter. I want this letter attached to my resignation letter and included in my Personnel File so that my position is clear. I am sending a copy to you by fax because of its urgency and will send the original by mail

cc: orrothers, Reilly, Gonzalez

Kenneth Lee Diamond, Ph.D. 235 East 81st Street, Apt. 2FE New York, NY 10028

September 17, 1995

James Sheedy, President, PEF 1168-70 Troy-Schenectady Road

P.O. Box 12414 Albany, NY 12212

Dear President. Sheedy:

As I have already informed you, I can not continue working at Kingsboro Psychiatric Center while management is able to threaten my life and career with impu nity . There have been death threats and attempts on my life for over a decade without the union responding. My career has been threatened through four separate investigations in which my license was at stake (and the State Board of Education finding absolutely no substance to the charges made by Kingsboro) with the union doing nothing. I have worked for years as a library clerk, messenger , in charge of toilets, social work assistant, etc. with the union doing nothing about it except lying to me and falsifying documents . Now I am once again being charged with being unfit to work as a Psychologist at Kingsboro (this time by Mr .

Jorawar, Director of Personnel), yet my supervisors have only had positive things to say about me. On September 6, 1995, under extreme duress, I sent in my resignation letter. I hold the union responsible for the loss of my job. I have asked you over and over again for immediate and effective action, something which you have failed to do . If the union is not able to intervene and assure me of an end to all harassment and reinstate me (I have not yet been told whether my resignation has been accepted) I will pursue these matters through the appropriate channels.

Sincerely yours,

Kenneth Lee Diamond, Ph.D.

cc: Carrothers

Kenneth Lee Diamond, Ph.D. 235 East 81s t Street, Apt. 2FE New York, NY 10028

September 6, 1995 Mr. Jose Gonzalez

Kingsboro Psychiatric Center

681 Clarkson Avenue Brooklyn, New York 11203 Fax: 718-953-5803

RESIGNATION NOTICE

I hereby resign from Kingsboro Psychiatric Center as a Psychologist 1 effective immediately . As per our conversation of September 5, 1995, I will not lose money for accrued vacation (approximately 210 hours) for giving less than two weeks notice and I will received my current paycheck on time, plus pay-lag money.

I will mail in the original of this letter before the end of this week. I will mail my keys, my identification and my last T&A worksheet before the end of next week. I am not aware of any other State property in my possession; if this is not so, please advise me. I am under the impression that I will suffer no penalty for this resignation.

Please contact me as soon as possible by telephone (212-472-3137) as to whether this resignation has been accepted and with any other pertinent information .

My Social Security number is 079-40-1060 and my item number is 70701.

Kenneth Lee Diamond, Ph.D. 235 East 81st Street, Apt. 2FE New York, NY 10028

Certified Mail #Z 790 288 261

August 20, 1995

Robert Carrothers

Contract Administration Department Public Employees Federation

1168-70 Troy-Schenectady Road

P.O. Box 12414

Albany, NY 12212-2414

Dear Mr. Carrothers:

I can not be expected to meet with the union to discuss my current grievance when its representatives apparently are able to threaten me with impunity. As I wrote to President Sheedy on August 14, 1994:

.... I am suffering extreme retaliation (for reporting numerous incidences of patient mistreatment) from Kingsboro including threats to my safety and attacks on my career.

....I believe that union officials have consistently failed to adequately represent me. I further believe that they have lied , falsified documents, and otherwise acted in a highly unprofessional manner. I ask you for a fair hearing on these matters.

When I received no adequate response in regard these charges, I again wrote President Sheedy on November 15, 1994:

“Thank you for responding to my August 14 letter regarding the difficulty I am having contacting my union representatives .... Unfortunately I have been unable to contact Robert Jackson, Field Representative (sic), whom you had assigned to investigate these matters. I need to talk with him about the specifics of my concerns and to find out what, if anything, he is doing.”

As a result of Mr. Sheedy’s intervention into this matter, Mr. Jackson finally scheduled a meeting. However , as I explained in a letter to Mr. Sheedy dated January 2, 1994 (sic, actually 1995):

“I believe that there are some extremely serious problems in the union’s representation of me. A meeting was held on December 7, 1994 with Bob Jackson, John Dillon, Stefan Sherman and myself to discuss my conce rns. However, when I tried to reiterate some of the specific issues, Dr . Sherman angrily approached and threatened to kill me. I am very shaken by this threat as there have been several such threats and attempts on my life in the past. Mr. Jackson explained that there was nothing that the union could do about Dr.

Sherman’s threat, but that I should report the incident to the police, which I did.”

Among other actions in response to this event, I filed a written police complaint and later had several discussions concerning this and related matters with the District Attorney’s Office.

Richard E. Casagrande, Executive Director as well as General Counsel of PEF, wrote to me on January 11, 1995:

“President Sheedy has asked me to respond to your letter of January 2.

“I spoke with Robert Jackson, PEF’s Field Director for the Downstate area. He indicates that there was a heated exchange with Dr. Sherman on December 7. While this was unfortunate, there is nothing PEF can do about it.

“PEF can address any legitimate employment issues you have. Mr. Jackson advises me, however, that he has difficulty eliciting enough information from you to define what those issues are.

“Mr . Jackson is willing to meet with you again to discuss specifics. If you wish to do so, please contact him.

Of course, the reason Mr . Jackson had difficulty eliciting information from me is that I had to precipitously leave the meeting after my life was threatened. I find it unbelievable that the unions General Counsel does not consider death threats made on State grounds against those whom it represent a legitimate employment issue! I sent a letter to Mr.

Jackson May 18, 1995 requesting a meeting as per Mr. Casagrande’s letter:

“I once again request appropriate action in regards my charges that the union is severely harassing me. Once I can discuss these issues with the union without fear for my personal safety I would like to discuss the union’s inadequate representation of my grievances against the management ofKingsboro Psychiatric Center.

2

On May 30, 1995 Mr. Jackson wrote back saying he would later contact me to discuss my allegation . He never did.

I have had much suffering at the hands of the union and can no longer place my life in jeopardy. Furthermore, I have very little trust in the union’s word. As I wrote to Mr. Sheedy on August 10, 1995:

“Please be aware that the union has often stated that they were filing or appealing a grievance, sometimes giving me copies of grievance forms completed and signed by the union, even telling me of Employee Relation’s responses, only to have Employee Relations later say they knew nothing of the matter.”

For instance, the last time I asked the union (through Mr. Bill Smith, my Field Representative at the time) to file a Step 3 Appeal he agreed and later sent me a copy of the written appeal (enclosed). I wrote to the Bureau of Employee Relations soon after this appeal was filed asking them to contact me if there were any problems. They never did. Mr. Smith later reported to me that he received a negative response from Albany in regards my appeal. The Bureau of Employee Relations claim that they never even received the appeal.

The union was given a document which professes to be the transcript of a December 28, 1993 meeting I had with Mr. Jorawar, Director of Human Resources at Kingsboro, written by Ms. Henderson, Mr. Jorawar’s secretary. Ms. Henderson did not attend this meeting, no transcript was taken and few if any contemporaneous notes were recorded by anyone except myself This alleged transcript is based on the transcript taken by Ms.

Henderson of an “off the record” meeting I had with Mr . Jorawar on December 27, 1993. The only people at this meeting were Mr. Jorawar, Ms. Henderson and myself. I repeatedly asked that my comments not be recorded until l was able to have union representation with me. This document was signed by Dr. Sherman without my knowledge or consent.

In regards my current grievance, I have enclosed copies of both my Step 2 Appeal and an unauthorized Step 2 Appeal sent by the union. Among other irregularities: As has happened consistently in the past, the union’s form was received by the Bureau past the deadline (received November 28, 1994). My previous grievances have often been denied because the union filed them late. Anticipating this, I sent my own appeal which was accepted by the Bureau on time (received by them November 7, 1994). In addition, the grievance form the union sent identifies the aggrieved employee as Stefan Sherman, not myself. He has already stated quite clearly (most recently in my last meeting with the union on December 7, 1994) that he will not represent me, a situation I have long ago accepted. For instance, he has refused to respond to letters requesting his intervention in specific threats to my safety and other harassing actions on the part of management.

3

Another issue: I object that the additional sheets which I had affixed to the original grievance has been consistently missing from both PEF’s and the Bureau of Employee Relation’s packets of grievance materials they have sent me.

Most recently, on August 10, 1995 I was told to appear at a meeting in Kingsboro’s Personnel Office. I was unable to find out the reason for this meeting and Mr. Jorawar refused to speak to me about it beforehand . When I got to Personnel Office I was interrogated by Mr. Jorawar (Director of Human Resources) and Ms. Osman (Bureau of Employee Relations) in front of two police officers from the 71st Precinct. Dr. Sherman came only at the end of this brief meeting and did not intervene on my behalf.

It is abundantly clear to me after a decade of gross failures on the part of the union to deal appropriately with my concerns that I will not receive decent treatment through the usual union channels. As I wrote to President Sheedy on August 6, 1995:

“I feel that your past attempts to address my charges of severe harassment from the union (death threats, falsified documents, etc.) have been ineffective. For this and other reasons I believe that the grievance process has been corrupted. I fear further threats, harassment and cover-up from the union people directly handling these issues (specifically Robert Jackson, John Dillon and Stefan Sherman). I hereby request that effective and immediate action be taken.

PS: I have enclosed copies of a few of the most relevant documents. If you need a document not enclosed or any other specifics, please advise me.

1PRopE

CIVIL SERVICE LAW § 209–111

I

iC)i-a- Improper ,,,nplo1•r p·racl\cell· \mP”‘pe· r employeefo9.CttPlc”e fo””r”

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    their own cnoosing.
    . ,
    — -..–


  • STATE OF NEW YORK
    PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS BOARD

    U- Date Received:

• APPLICATION FOR INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
PURSUANT TO CIVIL SERVICE LAW §209-a.4

Do Not Write In This Spece

• INSTRUCTIONS TO CHARGING PARTY
COMPLETE BOTH SIDES OF lHIS FORM. File the original and two copies of the completed forrn and attachments with the Office of Counsel, New York State Public Employment Relations Board, 80 Wolf Road, Albany, New York, 12205-2604. Please Note: tn Item 4 below, you must Identify th publ_ic empoy rs and/or employee organizations against whom the charge is brought, as well as any public employer you are required to 1dent1fy 1n the charge because the charge alleges a violation of Civil Service Law §209-a.2(c) based on an employee organization’s processing of or failure to process a claim that the public employer breached Its agr ement with that employee organization. If you need more space for any item, use the additional space on the back and number that Item the same. You cannot file this application without proof that copies have already been received by all other parties. (See reverse.)

• NOTICE TO PUBLIC EMPLOYERS AND EMPLOYEE ORGANIZATIONS IDENTIFIED IN ITEM 4 BELOW
The charging party named below is filing the attached improper [email protected] charge with the Public Employment Relations Board (Board”), naming you as a party under §209-a of the Public Employees’ Fair Employment Act(“Act”), Civil Service Law §§ 200-214. The charging party also is filing this application to petition the Board for injunctive relief pursuant to §209-a.4 of the Act. You have a right to respond to this application as explained in the Rules and Regulations of the Board (“Rules”), 4 NYCRR Part 204.16. Your response, if any, must be received by the Board within five days after the day you receive this application or within a shorter time on
notice from the Board’s Office of Counsel. Any response that you may make to this application is not yoi.:r answer or responsive
pleading to the improper practice charge. You may have other rights under the Act, other lawe., or the Rules.

• 1 CHARGING PARTY
NAME (If an employee organization, give the unit, affiliation, and local number, if any):

ADDRESS:

TELEPHONE:

FAX:

• 2 REPRESENTATIVE FILING FOR CHARGING

• PARTY (If any):

• NAME AND TliLE:

ADDRESS:

TELEPHONE:

FAX:

• 3 ATTORNEY OR OTHER REPRESENTATIVE
TO BE CONTACTED (If different from Item 2):

• 4 PUBLIC EMPLOYERS AND/OR EMPLOYEE
ORGANIZATIONS NAMED IN THE CHARGE:

• NAME AND TITLE:

• NAME, ADDRESS AND TELEPHONE:

ADDRESS:

• NAME, ADDRESS AND TELEPHONE:

• TELEPHONE:

FAX:


  • PERB A-

    – – – – – – – – – – – – – …–1.– – – – – – ·
    relief in fewer than 10 days from its receipt by the board, and upon a determination hy the office of counsel that such compelling need exists, the office of counsel may direct that a response, if any, shall be filed within a . specified time earlier than otherwise required by this section.

      1. Review of application for injunctive relief

        Within 1O days after receipt of an application for injunctive relief by the board, where the board by its office of counsel determines that a sufficient showing has been made pursuant
        proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law, and for conduct of n prehearinu conference and hearing. Unless the parties mutually agree to waive the time limit for concluding the hearing and issuing a decision pursuant to section 209-a.4(d) of the act, scheduling orders shall be fashioned in such a manner as to permit the administrative law judge to issue a decision on the improper practice charge within 60 days after the imposition of injunctive relief in accordance with section 209a.4(d) of the act.
        State of New York
        PERB
        Public Emp]oyrnent
        Relations Board
        to section 209-a.4 of the act, the board by its
        office of counsel shall petition supreme court upon notice to all parties for injunctive relief or shall issue an order, with notice to all parties, permitting the charging party to seek injunctive relief by petition to supreme court. Where a sufficient showing has not been made, notice of that determination, stating the reasons for it, shall be issued by the board by its office of counsel to all parties within 1O days after receipt of the application by the board. Orders permitting the charging party to seek injunctive relief by petition to

        Injunctive Relief
        supreme court and notices to the parties that a sufficient showing has not been made may be issued by fax.

      2. Expedited treatment where
  • injunctive relief imposed

    Notwithstanding the time limits stated in sections 204.2, 204.3, and 204.6 of this Part, when injunctive relief is imposed by a court pursuant to section 209-a.4 of the act, after affording the parties an opportunity for consultation , the administrative law judge assigned to the proceeding shall issue an order or orders setting the dates and times for service and filing of answers. responsive
    ple dings, motions, responses, l>riefs, and
    State of New York
    Public Employment R P.lations Board

    80 Wolf Road Albany, NY I 2205 (518) 457-2854
    Fax: (518) 457-2664

    55 Hanson Place, Suite 700 Brooklyn , NY 11217
    (718) 722-4545

    125 Main Street General Donovan Building
    Buffalo. NY 1420.1
    (71(1) 8-17-11 1′)

    Rules Advisory
    95-1

  •  

  • .

    • II IOUTII III/IIY ill/ ill//lllt,711/UII IUT IIIJUlll.il/VIITIIIIIII,

  • YOUhDVIJIO …

  • l ..

  • File an lmnroner 1t
    File a SIJP8f8III
    practice charge
    cor have one pending)

    ORIGINAL AND 4 COPIES


  • PERB1Director of Pobllc Emplovmeat Pracuces and R111resantaUon

    1‘.
    {
    1ao
    iniuncuve relief I


  • ······applicartion·–‘1
    ORIGINAL AND 2 COPIES
    I
    • a copy of the improper practice charge that you’re filing or
  • have alreadv filed with the Director
    • an affidavit or affidavits, based on personal knoWledae of Iba events underlving the Improper practice charae, a111lainina What happened or is going to happen. and WIIY an order at the end of the proceeding can1adaqualetv remedY the alleged improper practice
    • prool [e.g., a completed return receipt fromIha posl office) lhal everv olher party has alreadY REClMD a copv ol y0ur iniuncdve relief application, addressed lo the attention of their Chlel laaal Officer

  • Rem,mbDr toattachI

    PERB’s Office ol Counsel BO Woll Road Albany, NY12205

    , . .·. ... .· :, ·_,.: ...
    THEY’RE TWO SEPARATE PROCEDURES!
    TWO SEPARATE FILINGS!

    New York State Public Employment Relations Board (6/95)

  • Kenneth Lee Diamond, Ph.D. 350 Lenox Road, Apt. 6P Brooklyn, New York. 11226

    November 30, 1988

    Governor Mario Cuomo Executive Chamber State Capitol
    Albany, New York 12224
    Dear Governor Cuomo:

    I believe that there are continuing instances of physical and sexual abuse on my unit (Childr en· and Youth, Kingsboro Psychiatric Center) which are either unreported, improperly investigated or covered up. I have been through various channels of supervisors and administrators as well as appealing to several state agencies (including the Commission of Quality Care, Regional Office, and the Bureau of Employee Relations) throughout the past five years and have yet to receive a proper response to my concerns. I currently fear for the safety and welfare of the patients I work with and feel the matter deserves your attention.

    Three out of my current caseload of four patients have been involved in alleged incidences of abuse. In each occurrence I have been unable to get any information nor find anyone within the state system who was willing to discuss these incidents with me. According to the administration at Kingsboro there is a policy of “containment” involVing allegations of abuse against patients and that the entire matter is not to be discussed outside the official inv estigati on . According to this policy I am not to talk to my patients, their families or my supervisors concerning these incidents.

    One of the more recent occurrences involves a primary patient of mine who allegedly sexually molested :nether patient on the ward. This incident was not reported at the time. I expressed my concerns to my administrative supervisor (Dr. Jack Cohen) who stated that I had organic brain damage and that he was not interested in hearing my allegations.

    On October 16, 1986 one of .my assigned patients confided in me that she had been sexually abused by her teacher. Soon thereafter three other patients from the same classroom reported similar incidents to me.

    My patient had been desperately trying to come to turns with the alleged incident and had been seeking me out on a quite frequent basis for this purpose. However, soon afterwards, I was told by my superiors on the unit that my patient was not talking to me about the alleged incident and that I was not to discuss it with her {the patient), or anyone else. I was told that the patient was unable to trust males and that the investigation into the matter would be conducted entirely by females. I explained that the patient
    “‘·

    was indeed talking to me about the incident, that it was crucial that she continue to do so. I was once again told , this time quite emphatically, not to discuss the 1nc1d.ent With anyone.

    I feel that attempts to treat my assigned patient were seriously being interfered with, resulting in harm to her. I vehemently expressing my concerns to Or. Louis Jacobson, Chief Psychologist at Kingsboro, who responded by warning me not to make waves and advising me that if·I wanted to continue working at lCingsboro I would. have to learn how to listen to my supervisors.

    On January 27 the patient in question went AWOL and on February 2 I again expressed my concerns to my supervisor. My patient has proven to be quite self-destructive and highly vulnerable during past AWOLs and I feared for her safety. Dr. Jacol>son responded that he was tired of hearing of my concerns and wanted me to continue focusing on my psychological test reports. The next day my patient was discharged to an unknown relative with an unknown address and telephone number. I was ordered to falsify documents stating the she was being discharged to a group home.

    She later had to be saved by the police as she was being physically abused
    by a family member. Soon afterwards she was returned to Kingsboro.

    At this time the teacher in question was barred from appearing on the grounds of Kin gs bor o. However, I have seen this individual back on the campus several times since. Each time my patient heard that he was on campus she became highly upset since · he had threatened to harm her. On one of these occasions the patient went AWOL again, and, thankfully was ordered not to return Kingsboro Psychiatric Center by Brooklyn Pamily Court. Unfortunately, I fear that the teacher in question was simply allowed to seek employment elsewhere, and I have heard it mentioned that he is teaching adolescents aga in .

    Or.. Jacobson has continuously refused to talk to me about these as well as other related matters including the falsification and alteration of documents and reports related to my cases.

    During the past year I have received no appropriate supervision or evaluation of my w or k. However, my clinical privileges continue to be reduced and I was reported to the Office of Professional Discipline in order to have my license revoked . Dr. Jacobson and my present supervisor, Dr .
    Stephen Hershey have refused to talk to me about this.

    I have sought help from theNew Yorck State Psychological Society, but they will act only after I had received a resolution from within Kingsboro (an unlikely event) – they explained that they had little ability to investigate.

    I contacted the State Office of Professional Discipline and they referred my concerns to Ms . Mildred Breyer, then at Regional Office. Approximately a year and a half ago Ms. Breyer wrote saying that she will investigate and get back to me. I have yet to receive a response from her despite the fact that Ms. Breyer is now the director of my unit.


  • , ,.r··/
    >-­ -‘
    .

    f

    ‘,} . ,, 1.,

    over a year ago 1 wrote to Dr. Curry (then in charge of my unit, now Commissioner of Children and Youth) as per a grievance settlement between myself and the IC.ingsboro a d m in is t r a ti on. Dr. Curry was to investigate my concerns; I have not received a response.

    I have been told by my present supervisor that it is my ethical responsibility­ to resign from my jo_b if I am unable to resolve my concerns within the system. I disagree — I feel ethically bound to pursue incidences of abuse of patients until 1 receive an appropriate response. I hope that you can help me in this matter.

    Sincerely you.rs,
    ,


  • ?1 )_
    v/f«:;
    Kenneth Lee Diamond, Ph.D.

    I

    \
    \
    Ken Diamond
    235 East 81st Street, Apt. 2FE New York, NY 10028

    May 9, 1994

    John Dillon
    Field Representative
    136 Church Street, 4th Floor New York, NY 10007

    Dear John Dillon,

    I believe there is a clear and consistent pattern of retaliation against me for expressing my concerns for patients’ welfare at Kingsboro Psychiatric Center. I have already discussed these problems over and over again with the union — handing over dozens and dozen of documents but have so far seen little if any results. The only time anything gets done is when I go beyond the union, to an outside agency such as The Commission of Quality Care, the Civil Service Commission, The Office of the Governor, the Inspector General or to my own personal lawyer. These outside agencies were provided with the same information I have provided the union, yet they felt that my concerns were legitimate and specific enough take speedy corrective actions. I have been advised that the only way to get anything approaching a resolution to the remaining issues is through the legal system.
    I hesitate to take legal action as this will be expensive in terms of time and money and may . have severe consequences in a number of different areas.

    I have discussed the specifics of these concerns with Liz Schuster, Bill Smith, and Roy Owens, all of whom researched the problems, agreed to help and have accomplished virtually nothing. More recently Cindy Lowery and Stefan Sherman have also agreed to help but nothing has essentially changed. I wrote Ms. Schuster concerning my inability to contact Stephen Sherman for over a year and she wrote back informing me that you would contact me. When you failed to contact me I wrote to Mr. Shafer, President of PEF, and as a result, you were asked to investigate the matter(!?).

    As far as supporting documentation, I have given literally over a hundred copies of documents to several union officials including Ms. Schuster, Bill Smith, and Roy Owens. If there are specific documents you once again need please tell me.

    In your letter of April 22, 1994 you included something titled Meeting With Kenneth Diamond” that professed to be the transcript of a December 28, 1993 meeting. This document is, in fact, the transcript taken by Ms. Henderson, Mr. Jorawar’s secretary, of an “off the record” meeting I had with Mr. Jorawar. Ms. Henderson did not attend the


  • meeting of December 28, no transcript was taken and few if any notes were recorded by anyone at this meeting except myself. The copy of the alleged transcript that you provided leaves out important issues, severely distorts my position, and is missing a page that includes my comments. In addition, I was not able to discuss the issues involved beforehand with my union representative, Stefan Sherman since he has refused to meet me with me.

    In this present letter I will once again reiterate some of my concerns. As always, I will be available for further discussion or to provide additional copies of documents. Please be aware that I am talking about a clear and consistent pattern of retaliation that has been going on for numerous years. I believe Kingsboro has tried to confuse, cover-up and otherwise prevent a resolution to the issues. Note that, although the time I have available to compose this letter is minimal, I feel that you deserve a prompt reply to your letter. In return, I hope you are aware that I deserve a prompt response to this current letter, as I may need to soon consider other alternatives to resolving my concerns.

    TOP TEN CONCERNS:

    1. Unsubstantiated charges against my workI have been reported to the Office of Professional Discipline a minimum of three times for unsubstantiated charges of professional misconduct at Kingsboro. I refer you to the copy of a letter from The Office of Professional Discipline given to Richard Casagrande, General Counsel of PEF. In this letter it states that I am being charged by Kingsboro of professional misconduct in relationship to my reduced clinical privileges. Copies of this letter were given to Ms. Schuster and Mr. Smith as well. ( Also see letters addressed to Mr. Casagrande dated September 8, 1991 and November 3, 1991.) Since that time I continue be subjected to similar charges and, despite numerous protests, the union has failed to act.
      I may once again have to respond to charges of professional misconduct against me when my license comes up for renewal this September. I have requested that Kingsboro give me a written explanation as to what , if any, the specific charges are so that I can prepare a response. I have specifically asked several PEF representatives for help in this matter (details available) yet they have failed to act.

      2
      I had been unable to get a PEF evaluation since December of 1988. Such a document would identify problem areas in my work and provide a basis for correcting them, certainly helpful in dealing with the severe charges being made against my work . The union did nothing about this and the Office of the Inspector General had to intervene. The evaluation I finally did receive several months ago, came only after the intervention of the Inspector General’s Office. It was very positive and identified no problems areas.

    2. Inappropriate Supervision

      After reporting my concerns for patients welfare to Kingsboro administration in 1989, my clinical privileges were reduced to Level 1. My clinical privileges were restored to Level 2 on March 10, 1992 . These privileges allow me to practice at Kingsboro without supervision. Despite this I continue to be required to have regular clinical supervision from Mr. Leim an, supervision which I deem highly inappropriate and disruptive.
      Furthermore, I believe that in order to supervise one needs to be a licensed psychologist which Mr . Leiman is not. I also believe that as a licensed psychologist I should be privileged to supervise others. The head of the psychology department refuses to let me see the Psychology Department manual which should address these issues. Stefan Sherman has been unable or unwilling to get me a copy of the manual. (See memo to Stefan Sherman May 10, 1993.)

      After intervention by my lawyer, the union did finally send a letter to Ms. Lambent, Executive Director at Kingsboro, concerning my inappropriate supervision (see letter dated March 26, 1991 from Bill Smith to Pat Lambent). She has failed to reply and the union has failed to follow up . In addition, this specific issued (amongst several others) was addressed in a third step grievance which Mr . Smith filed on October 16. 1990 and for which I have still received no response.

      As I have already mentioned to you, the issue of inappropriate supervision is a most urgent concern as I am having extreme difficulty discharging my professional responsibilities under present conditions. This has a significant detrimental effect on my work with patients and I need an immediately resolu tion.

    3. Improper Clinical Privileges

      In your letter of April 22, 1994, you state that I can not get Level 3 since “there are no psychologists for me to supervise.” As I already discussed with you, this appears obviously false both to myself and my current clinical supervisor, Mr. Leiman, who has seen me for regular clinical psychology supervision for the past four years. There are several psychologists who are being supervised, in fact, I believe that there might be a requirement that all non-licensed psychologist be supervised. Almost every time I get a response to a request to raise my level I am given a different reason why it can’t.

      3

    1. Improper work assignmentWhen I raised concerns for patients’ welfare in a transcribed meeting of February 9, 1989, I was immediately barred from my office, reassigned to do extremely inappropriate and degrading work, and otherwise harassed. I wrote to the then president of PEF of my concerns and Bill Smith and Roy Owens were assigned to help me. They accomplished next to nothing. After a good part of the year functioning as a library clerk unable to work with patients, I contacted my lawyer who almost immediately had me reassigned as a remediation instructor.
      After again protesting my work assignment, I was reassigned the work of a social work assistant and the harassment on me intensified; despite numerous discussions with the union. Nothing happened until I contacted the Civil Service Commission on June 22, 1991, with whose intervention I was transferred to my current present at Geriatric/Infirmary Services.
      I am currently assigned the position of Scribe, which consists of secretarial duties (writing up notes from meetings, and I go on sending form letters to patients’ families, etc.) On June 21, 1991 Mr. Jorawar handed me the job description for The Psychologist I and told me that he would correct any out-of-title work that I was given. He has failed to do so. (Also see letter dated June 22,1991 addressed to Patricia Lambert, Executive Director, Kingsboro and cc’d to Bill Smith)

    2. PromotionI have worked for the state for over ten years, feel I have done outstanding service, but have failed to get any promotions, despite numerous attempts.
      Kingsboro now may have new positions for psychologists. In the past, I was not made aware ofseveral psychology positions, either through posting or announcement. Most recently Dr. Reese , Psychology Coordinator, refuses to reply to my written request for promotion (see Memo dated December 27, 1992 addressed to Dr. Reese, a copy of which was given to Stefan Sherman) or even discuss it other than to inform me that Kingsboro was no longer considering Kingsboro psychologists as candidates for psychology positions inside Kingsboro. I have sent several memos to the union concerning this.
      Additionally, until recently, I was illegally barred from even going into the building or speaking with the service where I would like to work (Children and Youth).
      Mr. Jorawar in his recent statements ( December 28, 1993) claims to be unaware of my wish to return to Children and Youth, despite many requests to him including a grievance

      4
      filed by Bill Smith. (Most recent memo, October 3, 1993 to Stefan Sherman, cc’d to Liz Schuster. This was also discussed in meeting with Mr. Jorawar and Stefan Sherman December 21, 1991.

      I had complained numerous years to the union concerning irregularities at Children and Youth and the retaliation I suffered for trying to address these issues. The union did nothing and it was only after I wrote the Office of the Governor that anything was accomplished. Mr. Robert Krutzel, who conducted the state investigation into my charges, specified that there would be a separate investigation into the retaliation I was suffering, which included death threats, harassing phone calls, unsubstantiated charges against my work etc. This was addressed at a grievance meeting on December 12, 1990 attended by Bill Smith and Roy Owens. At that time Ms. Bae, who was running the meeting, stated that there was indeed an investigation into my charges but she could not say when the union would receive the results. The union has been unsuccessful in getting these results.

    3. Missing money alterations in time sheets

      Roy Owens , my PEF representative at Kingsboro at the time, began an investigation into several of my concerns (numerous memos were written concerning this) . One specific issues was alterations of my time sheet without my consent or knowledge. This has happened several times. Most critical was an alteration of my time sheet on the date when I was interviewed by the Commission of Quality Care (see memo of April 28, 1990 to Bill Smith) . Despite several discussions with Roy Owens, following numerous unsuccessful attempts to reach him, and follow-up discussions with other union representatives, I have yet to get an appropriate response from the administration.

    4. Access to my personnel folder

      My letter to Mr. Jorawar dated January 17, 1994 (copy cc’ d to Liz Schuster) refers to a 1991 PEF evaluation that Mr. Jorawar claims is in my Personnel Folder — I received no such evaluation and would like to view the document in question . Indeed I have received no PEF evaluation in over five years.

      When my Personnel folder was subpoenaed by the state several years ago irregularities were found in it. I have repeatedly asked the union to allow me access to my Personnel Folder so that I can review it, add relevant documents, take out irrelevant
      /fraudulent/altered ones and protect it from further tampering (memos available)..

      5
      ,.

    5. Little response from Kingsboro to my concerns

      I first met with Mr. Jorawar in June 1991. He agreed to address my concerns. After being unable to contact him again for several months I wrote the Civil Service Commission and after their direct intervention I was finally able to contact Mr. Jowarar who once again agreed to address my concerns and to take them up with Pat Lambert. I was transferred to Geriatric/Infirmary Service but the majority of my concerns continued.

      After much outside pressure, some of it from the union, Mr. Jorawar finally granted me another meeting on December 21, 1992, this time with union representation. The union, Jorawar and myself were to met in January 1993 in order to follow-up on the implementation of a resolution. Since that time I had been unable to meet with either the union or Mr. Jorarar until soon after The Inspector General’s Office become involved. Ms. Henderson took notes of this meeting despite my repeatedly protesting that I needed union representation.

      When I reported irregularities at Kingsboro to a State investigation, headed by Robert Krutzel, I was told that the harassment I was suffering from would be investigated (harassing phone calls, inappropriate assignments, etc.) . In a grievance meeting of December 12, 1990 attended by Bill Smith and Roy Owens, Kingsboro stated that it had investigated my charges of retaliation but were unable to tell me when I would get the results.

      Many of these same charges were part of a grievance filed by Bill Smith for which I’m still awaiting a response .

      In a transcribed meeting with Kingsboro administration on February 2, 1989, I detailed numerous specific concerns. Yet the only response I have seen is the letter given to me afterwards which charged me with being “untheraputic”, without further elaboration.

      On December 2, 1991 there was a meeting with Kingsboro at which I was represented by Bill Smith and Roy Owens. This meeting was tape recorded. I made dozens of specific charges for which I have supporting documents . I have received no response concerning this investigation.

      Although Mr. Jorawar will not talk to me over the phone, I have several phone conversations with others in his office (including Ms. Cohen and Mr. Hernandez) who have not to my knowledge responded to the serious concerns I shared with them. (Details of these calls available.)

      6
      ,,

    6. Return to Children & Youth

      In Mr. Jorawar’s document ofDecember 28, 1993, he refers to a “new issue” which I brought up– reassignment to Children & Youth. This is not a new issue but one that was brought up in a grievance filed by the union and one that Roy Owens and Bill Smith have been pursuing for years. I am a child psychologist who has been functioning in Geriatric wards without any professional training to do so.

    7. Issues have to be addressed with my own time and money
  • According to my discussion with Ms. Lambert, Executive Director of Kingsboro, (transcript dated February 2, 1989), I am not to pursue any of my concerns over patients welfare or retaliation for reporting same during State time. I feel that this is unfair. I have already had to spent thousands of dollars and hundreds of hours of my own time in trying to address these issues. This needs to be rectified .

    Please note that I tried to make this document as detailed, coherent and accurate as I could given severe time restraints on my personal time.

    Sincerely yours,

    Ken Diamond, Ph.D.

    7

  • !liingshnrn stzt.qiatric (tt.enter
    1
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    ‘-‘\,or S
    “‘”‘
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    1993,
    4 : 99dtJmWi=

    KPC iJCAHO & HCFA
    IN WITNESS WHEREOF, cauc\AUL to;k
    tAi., mt. da:y

    (

    Patricia rt, M.P.A, RN.
    Chief Executive Officer

    \

  • 22* * NEW YORK POST, THURSDAY, AUGUST 25, 1994


  • By Al GUART
    Kingsboro operated on
    day administration of the facility,” Spoor said.
    ties became alarmed when the exorcist, the
    A strange brew of religion and psychiatry was
    ,eing dished out at the Kingsboro Psychiatric enter in Brooklyn long before one of its mental
    ,atients underwent a state-sanctioned exor­
    ·ism, The Post has learned.
    large doses of religion
    “We did not want it
    brought into the facility, and in some cases it was upsetting workers.”
    Spoor also confirmed
    Most Reverend Prophet Alpha Omega Bundu, hit them with a $12,000 bill for his services.
    The state is investigating
    Sources told T·he Post that:
    W£fAJ:<3!lf3CAJ

    • Kingsboro executive director Patricia Lambert egularly opened staffnee ings with pray rs eekmg heavenly gmd-
      ceive $10 million a year in federal funding.

      • The pulpit at the church where the exor­cism was performed was made in Kingsboro’s car­
        of Mental Health.
        Spoor confirmed many of the reports.
        He said OMH regional
        director Robert Hetten­ bach ordered Lambert to
        reports that several high-ranking Kingsboro officials attended the ex­ orcism of Alphonse Pecou, who became a pa­ tient at the facility after
        reports that the pulpit for Bundu was made in the Kingsboro carpentry shop. Sources said the pulpit – now called a podium – has been moved back to the fa­
        .nee.
    • Days before Kings­>0ro was to be inspected or accreditation last
      ,ear, Thomas Sanni, the
      :enter’s former business
      >fficer,
      lit candles and
      ;prinkled
      holy water
      throughout the building
      in hopes of increasing the center’s chances.
    • Lambert hung a ban­ ner declaring “God Loves KPC” outside the facility last May after it became eligible to re- ·
  • pentry shop.
    A Lambert aide said Kingsboro’s executive di­ rector would not be available for comment, and referred all calls to Richard Spoor, spokes­ man for the state Office
    stop using prayer at
    meetings and to take down the banner after staff members com­ plained.
    “We advised her to no longer use religious practices in the day-to-
    he hacked his wife to
    death and set her on fire in front of their four chil­ dren.
    Spoor refused to dis- close the officials’ na mes.
    The Post reported last week that state authori-
    cility.

  • Sanni, who was Kings­ boro’s business officer and is a member of Bun­ du’s church, was demoted and transferred to the Queens Children’s Psychi­ atric Center after the ex­ orcism.


  • Consumers win in ‘final’ contest pact
    Congratulations! . ·
    You are probably NOT a “finalist” in what is most likely NOT the “final round” of the Publishers Clearing HousP sweepstake..
    And the odds of your winning are low, at best .
    OK, maybe the next mailed invitation to enter the popular contest won’t be quite so blunt.
    But in a pact reached yesterday between the Long Island-based
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    Friday, February 24, 1989 KSI 1

    -,,·

    ‘; ., .
    Kingsboro P_
    sychcoverup?
    By JARED McCAWSTER

  • Daily News Staff Writer
    Bosses at Brooklyn’s Kings­
    Center accused of delaying sex-drug probe
    to say who is to blame. That’s
    one of the things we have to look at.”
    boro Psychiatric Center de­
    layed by months the current
    place blame until investiga­
    tions at the facility are con­
    of one of Kingsboro’s 14
    buildings.
    found that some incidents
    went unreported on the 147
    Spoor said dditional train­ ing in incident-reporting pro­
    probe into sex and drugs
    among adolescent patients, a union official at the mental health facility charged yes­ terday.
    Bob Nurse. head of Un i nn Local 402 of the Civil Service Employes Association, said that staff workers-under or­ ders from managers who are no longer at the hospital-im­ properly reported the inci­ dents, thus delaying inv sti­ gations.
    State Office of Mental Health (OMH) officials admit­ ted that some incidents among ado lescents in the fa. cility were improperly re­ ported, but were unwilling to
    cluded.
    ‘Documented a year ago!’ The OMH revealed last week that it was investigating
    allegations of heterosexual sex and drug use among pa­ tients between 12 a·nd 17 last year at the 28-acre campus in East Flatbush.
    “The action that should
    have taken place a year ago is taking place now,” charged Nurse, referring to the Kings­ boro investigat. Jn, which be­ ga,n Fe b. 7. “Employes docu­ mented the inf’ormatlon a year ago!”
    The incidents occurred last summer on abandoned floors
    The u nio ·n official ex­
    plained that the reports were noted in report logs, commu­ nications logs and an inci­ dent log book. The employes did so, he contended, on the orders of management work­ ers who are no longer with Kings boro.
    OMH confirmation
    Nurse noted that the inci­ dents were not recorded on what is called the Number 147 incident form, the proper form for documenting unusu­ al occurrences, so they did not get special attention.
    Robert Spoor, OMH spokes­ man, said investigators have
    forms.
    But in response to Nurse’s charges that management should be held accountable for the improper incident re­ porting, Spoor said the OMH will learn who is responsible for the errors when the inves­ tigation is concluded.

    Training scheduled
    “Some incidents that should have been reported weren’t reported, and ifs true that some incidents were found that were not re­ ported on 147 forms,” conced­
    ed Spoor. “But it’s too early
    cedures will be conducted at the site within a few days.
    Nurse said he feels his
    . union members are being subjected to retaliation as scapegoats for tardy manage­ ment action on the matter, adding that some of them are being suspended without just ca use .
    Spoor said two union work­ ers, therapy aides, have been suspended-but with pay­ until investigations into their actions are completed. He also said that a unit chief and the director of community services for children and youth have been transfe rred.
    Getwell, Officer Gunn!
    IT’S A WAR ZONE OUT THERE


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  • in love with hosp worker

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    By AL GUART
    The Brooklyn wife-killer wl\o underwent a state-sanctioned ex­ orcism is having an affair wittl an employee of the tnental insti­ tution where he ls a patient, The Post has learned. ·
    Alphonse Pecou, 43, apparently fell madly in love with a female worker at the state r un Kingjll· boro Psychiatric Center, a spokesman for the state Depart­ ment of Mental Health con· firmed yesterda y.
    “Apparently, Mr. Pecou has had a relationship with a food­ service worker, and the facility recently became aware of it,” spokesman Robert Spoor s aid.
    “It is a boyfriend-girlfriend sort of thing.”
    Sources inside the f cility told
    past, the faclllty ls extending the ban to include all employees.
    “We feel it’s not acceptable behavior, and the facility strongly believes it must be stopped,” Spoor said.
    Pecou was committed to Kingsboro after he was found not guilty of murder by. r eas on of in­ sanity in 1982.
    Described as a religious zealot, Pecou hacked his 32-year-old wife to death with a machete and

  • set her on fire in front of their . four children.He later walked into the 78th Precinct in Crown Heights clutching a Bible and told cops: “I’m Jesus Christ. It’s all in here [the Bible). I killed my wife.”
    . The Post reported Tuesday that Kingsboro authorized an ex­
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    The Post that Pecou – who · killed his wife in a religious rage in 1980 – has a sexual relation­ ship with the employee.’
    Spoor would not comment on the nature of the relationship. ·
    Spoor said Klngsboro has a policy prohibiting fraternization between patients and clinical staff but because of Pecou’s
    orcism of Pecou last May. The
    st te washit with a $12,000 bill for the ser vice . Officials refused to pay the bill and launched an investigation.
    The exorcist, the Most Rever­ end Prophet Alpha 0. Bundu, maintains the ritual helped Pecou and that the state owes him the money.

    . 1·J ,:-.,,. ( :. –:-


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    can m pany ;· t mt>’1
    to Greenwich.
    “Th(· ad van t ag (‘s t h.11 , for instance. American Can s;1w when 11 fi rst m oved nut in the 70’s no longe r exist,” M r. \Voods1d l’

    • r><r> a on o on was taken over by Con-
    •  

    • solida ted Fr r ightways of Palo A ll o, Calif. Cons olidat ed offi cia ls have not said what they intend to do with “mcrv’s headqua r­ ters or the 450 workers tlwre,..

      As s od alcd P ress
      hovered around 2 per ce nt for several vcars. Most of t he IH’W johs, however , have been (T(·;11cd hy smali rnmpanics relocating
      Continued on Page B2

      Drugs and Sex Investigated At Kingsboro
      Brooklyn Center’s Unit Of Adolescents Involved
      By FELICIA R. LEE
      State mental health officials are investi­ gating charges that adolescent patients at Kingsboro Psychiatric Center in Brooklyn used abandoned rooms on the aging 28-acre campus to have sex and to use drugs .
      The allegations come less than a month after an investigation by the State Commis­ sioner of Mental Health found that staff members at a New York State psychiatric center near Buffalo had ,had sex with young children and that children had been pres­ sured by older children into having sex with each other.
      The Commissioner’s office called the
      practices at the West Seneca, N.Y., institu­ tion an “anomaly” limited to that institu­
      e an apartment building in Brooklyn yesterday after a fire killed four young children. Offi­

      • ‘ with matches in a bedroom whose door was blocked by a mattress.
  • n Burn to Death in Brooklyn Fire

\

grandson were killed in a fire ignited by a

tion.

Steve Osborne, a spokesman for the State Office of Mental Health which operates Kingsboro and other state mental health centers, said yesterday that the Kingsboro investigation shows “close to 40” incidents of heterosexual sex and drug use among some of the adolescent unit’s 27 patients,

laying with matches

  • . ehind a blocked doorcigarette and nail polish, and a man died of smoke inhalation in another small fire.
    The victims in the Bedford-Stuyvesant fire were identified as Chantell Glenora Murray, 8 years old; Lenora Murray, 5; Rubie Murray, 4, and Joseph Raspberry, 5. The girls were the children of Devoria Mur­
    who range in age from 12 to 17.
    Suspensions and Transfers
    Thus far there are no reports that adults were involved, but some of the sexual activi­ ties were apparently known to the staff, Mr. Osborne said. He ·said two mental health therapy aides h!\Ve been suspended with
    ray, 32, and Charles Dalton; the boy was the
    son of Gail Murray, who is Devoria Mur­
    pay, the director of community services of children and youth has been reassigned to
    had no chance,” said Lieut. Philip
    ll of Ladder Company 176 , who led e of firefighters up the stairs four ter the ‘alarm was turned in. He rades found the children lying other on the lower portion of a
    , \ were quickly put oi.Jt after the
    \>rought out. One child died at

    • tiree others were pronounced ‘tiospitals. It was apparently
      • · ten playing with matches themselves in a room with
  • ,ll Efrain Parilla, a spokes­ e Fire Department.
    • e blaze was one of 10 fires in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx over the holiday we e kend that left 7 people dead , 28 firefight ers injured and dozens of families homeless. On Sund ay in Brooklyn, a woman and her

ray’s sister-in-law.

According to fire officials, Charles Dalton had left early in the afternoon to go to work . Devoria Murray was resting in a rear bed­ room of the long, five-room, railroad apart­ ment, and Gail Murray was in the kitchen, also at the rear, when the fire broke out shortly after I P.M.

The four children were all in a Jront bed­ room, 8 feet wide and 10 feet long. and had apparently tipped a mattress on end and placed it in the bedroom’s open doorway to the adja cent living room as a barr icade, perhaps to conceal the fact that th ey were playing with matches, fire officials said.

The doorway to the living room had no door. There was another door in the room, but it led to a public hallway and was locked

Continued on Page B6

the Manhattan regional office, and a unit chief has been reassigned to a division treat­ ing adults.

“Obviously, the supervision was not ade­ quate if this was going on,” Mr. Osborne said. “The activity was going on for several months, especially in the summer.”

“The sexual activity was consensual, but th y’re adolescents,” he said. “It was chil­ dren having sex with children . We found condoms, we found drug paraphernalia – crack and marijuana, crack mostly.”

Investigators acted on an anonymous tip to the state child abuse hot lirie and the State Commission on Quality of Care for the Men­ tally Dis able d.

An article in The New York Post yester­ day that described the state investigation

Continued on Page B4

..,.,

lWl ltF..

New York State

PUBLIC EMPLOYEES FEDERATION, AFL-CIO

1168-70 Troy-Schenectady Road

P.O. Box 12414

Albany, N.Y. 12212-2414

(518) 785-1900 • (800) 342-4306

April 15, 1992

Jf!ice of General Counsel

Richard E. Casagrande

General Counsel

Nancy L Burritt

Deputy General Counsel

Jeffrey G. Plant William P. Seamon Steven M. Klein Elizabeth R. Schuster Harold Eisenstein Lisa M. King Associate Counsel

Lenore Gittis, Esq. Attorney in Charge Legal Aid Society juvenile Rights Division 15 Park Row, 21st Floor

New York, New York 10038

Re: Diamond, Kenneth Lee Our Fiie No.· 5783-P

Dear Ms. Gittis:

I am writing on behalf of a member of the Public Employees Federation, Dr. Kenneth L. Diamond. Dr. Diamond is employed by the New York State Office of Mental Health as a Psychologist I at Kingsboro Psychiatric Center.

It has been brought to my attention that in 1987 or 1988, your office mounted an investigation into charges of patient sexual abuse at Kingsboro Psychiatric Center as a result of information that you received from Dr. Diamond. Please provide me with a copy of any report or findings that were gathered as a result of your investigation into Dr. Diamond’s allegations.

Thank you very much for your attention to this matter. If you have any questions at all, please do not hesitate to contact me.

ERS/mab

cc: Dr. Kenneth L. Diamond

– –

Mental hosps hit on chaos

By MARK MOONEY

Daily News Staff Writer

A state mental health watchdog has found that Kingsboro and Manhattan psychiatric centers were so negligent that two violent patients were allowed to walk away and commit murder. ·

And Clarence Sundram charges that Kingsboro is a powder keg of overcrowded,

.……,

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violent, d r ug-a dd icte d pa­ tients who are served by ill-

. trained doctors.

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Sundram, head of the state Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally Dis­ abled , delivered his blistering critique of the state s mental health hospitals last week in a little-noticed Assembly hear– · ing.

In his testimony, Sundram cited “human error , staff neg­ ligence and failure to follow required procedure …….: multi­ ple examples 6f which were found in the commissions in­ vestigations of the incidents at both Manhattan and Kings ­ boro and which created condi­ tions that allowed these trage­ dies to occur.

  • Only a fraction of the pa­ tients with drug and alcohol problems get into treatment programs , but they have little trouble obtaining drugs inside the hospital.
  • Many of Kingsboro’s pa­ tients have criminal histories and addiction proble ms, but many of the staff psychiatrists have ‘·no significant formal clinical training in substance abuse or alcoholism or foren­ sic psychiatry.”
  • The state Office of Mental Health “has been lacking or ineffective in identifying and correcting the preceding long­ standing problems.It



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    Sundram yesterday refused
    to discuss his upcoming report to the state Office of Mental Health.
    But in his five-month exami­ nation ofKingsboro, he found :

    • Hospital wards are packed, sometimes at more than twice their capacity. Often thereA spokeswoman for the mental health office declined to comment and instead sent a copy of the agency s remarks before the committee. In it, agency officials said they have improved security since Gov. Pataki took office.
      Sundram s commission be-
      “‘
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      arent enough chairs for ev­. gan investigating Kingsboro

      DAN FARMU. DAILY NEWS
      eryone to sit.

  • The crammed conditions
  • create tension and viole nce. Over a 46-day period late last year, Sundrams staff counted 67 fights among patients and 17 attacks on staff membe rs.
    • Violent patie nts, often with a criminal past, are frequently mixed with other patients who are left at their me rcy.after an inmate escaped in November and returned with a knife to kill a fellow patient. The probe was expanded to Manhattan Psychiatric Center after an inmate with a history of escapes walked away from the hospital in January and pushed a grandmother in front of an oncoming su,b .:;a y
      train.
      r/E,ATHER CYCLES: The sea can ‘t be seen for the
      -:;;; :;oup 3S cyclist roll s along boardwalk at Long Bea ch, LI., yes­
      ; ‘c!.:,i , !”,coino.; clouds soon roll by. Farther inland , Daniel Starer,
      1V guests bare man’s

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      NEW YORK POST, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 17, 1994 J-‘·.<‘!t .

    • .

      t rifrwi11
      the
      exorcist re-possess1
      iuspens1ons_
      Cops have arrested a ueens man whose river’s license had a hopping 176 suspensions, ollce said yesterday.
      Michael Fraser, 32, of i04 Westborn Ave., was ulled over Monday night rter falling to signal be·

    • Far

      ,re ·turning from Seagirt oulevard onto Beach hannel Drive in.
      .oc ka wa y, cope said. Fraser’s name was on a

      By AL GUART
      A Brooklyn exorcist who claims he drove demons · from a murderous mental patient says the state is trying to stiff him for
      J12,000·. ,‘-
      . s ta te officials main­ tained they would pay only
      $500 for the time the exor­ cist spent providing

      • “spiritual counseling.” “They owe me $12,000
  • a nd they must pay it,” said
    .State must pay me 12G for evicting killer’s devils’
    occasions last May.
    But when Bundu claimed he rid Pecou of his demons

    session in him ,” sa id Bundu, a native of Sie n:a Leone in West Africa.
    During the exorcism, Bundu said he and sever a l churc h membci-11 gathered around Pecou who was heavily medica ted and sit ­ ting in a chair 1and began reciting t blical Psalms.
    Pecou, res ponding only with “Amens,” was then immer sed in holy water
    and annointed with olive
    st the sta\e Department

  • · the _· Most Reverend

and submitted the bill for

oil.

r Motor Vehicles gave po­ ce in December 1992 of

!II drivers with more than

lO license suspenalona or

!VOCatlona.

Officer Anthony llonllla Lid Fraser ..said he had

·.<;, .;

> money to .fix; hi.a river’s license and he 1ked me Just to give him break.” ( . ·

The cop said no way. “This guy I.a a danger,” onllla said. ..It’s bad to. 11.ve a guy like this driv- 1g around. You don’t want

1 have guys like this on 1eroad.” ,

·

Police ala arrested an­ ther Queens man yester­ ay, for having 1 auspen­

.o na on U dates.

lrvlng Gonzalez, 25, of 68-

1 92nd Road, Jamaica, as arrested while driving

“”” .. ,. hl,w.k, .” . ‘: . .

New York Post: Anlh.ny Fioranelli

. NO DIICOUNTI: Most Reverend Alpha Bundu tells yesterday why he thinks wrestling with a dP-mon for three daus is worth $12.000.

Prophet Alpha Omega Bundu, spiritual head of the United Church of Salvation.

“They could not tell a doctor they refuse to pay. . How ·can 1 work if I don’t eat?” he asked.

The Post reported yester­ day that officials at Kings­ boro Psychiatric Center i n Brooklyn authorized Bundu to perform t}Je ex­ orcism on 43-year-old Al­ phonse Pecou.

Described as a religious fanatic, Pecou hacked his wife to death with a· ma· chete and set her on fire in

front of his four children in

1980.

He was found not guilty of · murder by reason of in­ sanity in 1982 and commit­ ted to the Klngsboro faclllty. He was taken to Bundu for “culturally sensitlve” splrlt-

u.n I P.n11nR.P1ino- nn ao,,,n..a 1

his services, state Depart­ ment of Mental Health offi­ cials launched an Investi­ gation and refused payment. · 4

Bundu insisted the state owes him for three days oi fasting before the exor­ cism and for the cost of . holy water, olive oil and candles used to repel evil spirits.

“We are self-supporting,” he said of his storefront church on Washingtoo Avenue in Prospect

. Heig hts.

Wearing a double- breasted wine-colored suit with a diamond-studded gold “Jesus” pin on his lapel, Bundu said he Ini­ tially was terrified of Pecou.

“When I first saw him I

was afraid because you

rnn)/’I GOA th rt.c..-n.nnl a-

“Before I helped him he was very bad off,s a id B undu, who founded hi.s ow n church in Liber ia In 19’17. “I will tell you he im­ pr o\’ed very much.

“Now he wants to be iike you and me.”

Rober t Spoor, a spokes· man for the state Depc.r ment of Mental H;?a lt h, said experts found thfll Pecou did not benefit from the exorcism.

“Thee was no d rama tic im provement,” Spoor sa id, adding: “Neitner . did his head apin.”

Spoor said Thomas Sanni, the Klngs boro ad· ‘j ‘ininis tr ator who was a I me mber of Bund 1&s co n­

gr egation and arranged for Pecou’s e xor ch m, was transfered to ano the r fa­ cility and dEmotE<I after the state learned of the es

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7187350898 FRB TDHT BROOKLYN NY 38 12•30 08164 E T PMS HR CLAUDE LEMONIER, DLR

STATE OF, Y OFC OF MENTAL HEALTH RPT DLY MG , IMMY IMMY, DLR BUREAU Of fHP RELATIONS

92•31 UNION HALL ST JAMAICA NY 11433•11Bb

CHILDREN ARE BEING PHYSICALLY ANO SEXUAL ABUSED AT KlNGSBORO

.· PSYCHIATRIC CENTER• l AM BEING HARASSED ,oR lRYING TO REPORT THIS SITUATION, YOUR RESPONSE KAS BEEN EXTREMELY INAPPROPRIATE, PLEASE SEE THAT THIS MATTER IS FURTHER INVESTIGATED BY YOUR SUPERIORS,

DR KlN ElH LEE DIAMONU

350 LENOX RD APT oF

BROOKLYN NY 1122b

08115 EST

MGHCOMP

;

CLARENCEJ.SUNDRAM

CHAIRMAN

STATE OF NEW YORK COMMISSION ON QUALITY OF CARE

*

FOR THE MENTALLY DISABLED

99 WASHINGTON AVENUE, SUITE 1002

ALBANY, NEW YORK 12210·2895

(518) 4 73-4090

(TDD) 1·800·624-4143

May 15: 1992

ilizabeth W. Stack

William P. Benjamin

COMMISSIONERS

i-lls, Elizabeth R. Schuster Associate Counsel

Public Employees Federation, AFL-CIO 1168-70 Troy-Schenectady Road

P.O. Box 12414 Albany, NY 12212-2414

Dear Ms. Schuster:

Your letter of April 28, 1992 to Ray Barron was referred to me as the Commission’s records access officer under the State’s “freedom of information” law (Public Officers Law, Article 6).

You are correct that information provided by psychologist Dr. Kenneth L. Diamond was used in an investigation of multiple alleged·i_n, cidentsof abuse and neglect of children and other related matters at Kingsboro Psychiatric Center. When the Commission began its investigation of the incidents reported by Dr. Diamond, other additional incidents were discovered and the enclosed letter of findings was sent to the facility director.

As you know, specific child abuse/neglect case findings are precluded from disclosure under the above law and other statutory provisions. A copy of the facility’s response is also enclosed.

I trust this responds to your request.

Sincerely yours,

Gary w. Masline, JD MSW Executive Assistant

to the Chairman

GWM:gc Enclosures

cc: Clarence Sundram Elizabeth Chura

/ /

sudjda, or prayer mark – came from the five da il y devotions in which the hc-ad is pres i;ed to the ground and not

from ashes d isi ribute d by a pr ie s t.

· ····

··

But larger misu nderstanding s have been correct ed. Despite the recent flareup ove r Mr. Rushdie’s book a nd

highly public ized terrorist incid ents

Kingsboro Is l n·vestigated on Sex and Drug Charge s

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abroad in the name of jihad, or holy war.the stereotypes of Muslims as ·fa ­ naties app<>ar to be slowly changini;:. One c x:un ph • of the t:han c is the ,·c­ lTlll Ji’ns1un hy the Un 1t,·d Sta t t·s lo open a dialogue wuh the l’ a lcs ti 111an

Continued From Page Bl

said the informant was a staff mem­ tx>r.

Mr. Osbo rne said the sta te men tal health de pa rtment and Kingsboro offi­

‘Obviously, the

superv1s1on was

not adequate.’

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le ade r Yasir Arafat.. Also chang in g is

the und e rs tanding that all blac ks who

cials began their investigation on Feb.

7 in the wake of the discovery in Janu­

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emb ra ce Islam are “Black Muslims,” a movement that has all but disap­ peared except for its last heir, Louis Farrakhan’s Nation of Islam, a group

that espouses black superiority and

ary that children between the ages of 5 and 12 had been involved in a “sex club” at the Western New York Chil­ dren’s Psychiatric Center in West

Seneca. Children in the “club” had sex

ported 11 incidents of drug use and seual activity in Building 10 on the 28- acre Kingsboro campus in the Flat­ bush section of Brooklyn, a spokesman

f

f

for the State Commission on Quality of I

The New York Times/ John Sotomayor

construction at Third Ave­ mosques in the city, how-

sepa ra teness .

Only a small percentage of Muslims, in fact, support the separatist ap­ proach. Instead, the overwhelmi11g ma ­ jority sa y they make no distinction be­ tween people of differ e nt race or na­ liona lity . This attitude wa s apparent at a recent noontime Friday service , the highlight of the religious week, at Mas­ jid al-Muminin.

The carpeted prayer room was drafty, but the spirit was wa rm. After taking off their shoes, 50 people , about

10 of them children, ga thered , all wear­ ing brimless knitted caps called kufiah. There were no prayer books and no chairs. Together, in a sing-song voice, worshipers recited verses from the Koran and fell in supplication to the floor almost as one body.

with adult staff members or were in­

timidated into performing sex acts with each other to become members, investigators said.

Scandal Prompted Surveys

That inquiry, focusing on the period between March and September last year, revealed 19 incidents of sexual abuse, 15 involving 36 children and four involving three staff members. The management of the center was aware of the activity but took no steps to stop it, the chairman of the State Commis­ sion on Quality of Care said. ·

T.hat scandal prompted Dr. Richard

C. Surles, State Commissioner of Men­ tal Health, to conduct two daylong sur­ veys at three of the state’s six chil­ dren’s psychiatric centers and at five of the seven children’s units connected

Care for the Mentally Disabled, Gary

Mas line, said yesterday.

Locks Were Picked.

Investigators soon discovered more incidents, he said.

There were a couple of the origina l 11 incidents that wer known to staff, apparently,” Mr . Osbvrne said. I be­ lieve they were sexual incidents . That s being gone over now.”

. The children at Kingsboro eat on the first floor of Building IO, which also has a medical unit and a legal services de­ partment. The upperwfloors of the 17- story building, full of old beds and dormitory furniture, were supposed to be locked. Mr. .Osborne said the locks were picked.

Kingsboro last made headlines last

August when a state o(emergency was

I

!

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I

!

to adult psychiatric centers. “Thus far, declared after crowdiflg reached what

I’ve heard of no parallel to what was happening at Western New York,” Dr. Surles said at the time. “We believe it’s an anomaly.”

state officials called “crisis propor­ tions.” Patients slept in hallways and iil four hour shifts to accommodate the overflow. In October of 1987, a dozen

k::;::;:; ;; ;: ::·;,...

The Nt’ w York Times/Chester Hi AAi n s Jr.

The state investigators came to employees were arrested on charges of

. Bui ldi ng IO at the Kingsboro Psy­

Kingsboro “and none of these young­ sters reported any of these incidents,” Mr. Osborne said yesterday . “Then we got them in and questioned them and one youngster said this and another youngster s?,.id that.”

Then, in .,anuary, an informant re0

selling drugs and abusing patients. “This hospital is very old, this plant

is very old and the staff is working in miserable conditions,” Mr. Osborne said. “They’re working very hard and this last incident sort of shook the unit up.

chiatric Center in Bro ok ly n. State officials are invest igating ch a rges that young patie nts used vacant rooms in the building to ha ve sex and to use dru gs.

The Psychotherapeutic Possibilities of Cyberspace

Cyberspace has the potential to provide an alternate reality in which to shape and influence human activities in numerous ways. One area where it may prove most beneficial is in assisting psychotherapeutic change. The full exploration of cyberspace would require the generation of a seamless and sustainable virtual reality capble of producing a suspension of disbelief –

– the technology for this is presently beyond reach.

Virtual environements renered with “wire-frame” graphics, walls ans floors trellises ,, now replacing trellises with continuous, colored surfaces

greater verisimilitude fractal geometry

However, many of the parameters and design possibilities of such a cyberspace could be explored if its domain were restricted to the verbal realm. In the main, psychotherapy is a verbal activity making it a good candidate for placement within such a verbal cyberspace.

Most implementations of “computerized psychotherapy” assume that time spent at a program computer can most effectively be used to replaced in some way to replace the therapist, For instance, [citations and quotations). The technology to accomplish this again appears out of the reach of present technology and Quote on how computers get lost after even it were somehow realized, the desirability of relating emotional to a machine is questionable. It seems that a more appropriate goal for a computerized psychotherapy is the construction of an alternate media through which the patient and the psychotherapist can conduct their dialogue. Traditional psychotherapy takes place in a stark and unchanging surroundings. This environment is often in sharp contrast to the flexible and ever­ changing cognitive activities that typlify the psychotherapeutic endeavor. It is the contention of this paper that the psychic processes at the center of these therapeutic activities can efficently be communicated and guided by placing the “four walls and two chairs” within a cyberspace of tangible and shared stimuli designed to elicit relevant themes.

In order to the necessary background for an understanding of its possible psychotherapeutic utilization elaborate on how this cyberspace might first discuss some of the literature relevant to alternate realities as it appears in several diverse fields. This will hopefully. In conclusion I shall describe my own work focusing on a particular cyberspace “script”. Of note, just as the therapeutic experiences occur outside the therapy hour, the ideas presented here have relevance in less intensive contacts, including counseling, education and entertainment.

Although the concept of a computer generated reality is new, the exploration of alternate realities is as old as history.

Myth, magic, superstition. Prevelance of science has

relocated this activity to sanctioned forms of imaginative activity namely the performing arts and literature provide cultural access to other worlds.

They fundementally relie on the suspension of disbelief for the generation of the alternate reality which they depict.

Kris regression in the service of the ego Suspension of disbelief

The arts have directly portrayed Bunuel’s “That Obscure Object of Desire” Jean Genet The Balcony”

Surrealists or for that matter some of the abstract most notably Klee

Personality, character and change: Pirandello personality is an entombing structure necessary for cohency of identity but imposing unnatural restriction and resulting in conflict. Character as an artificially imposed reality on the self. Pirandello’s plays are about performing, acting and role playing not so much as they relate to the theatre but as they relate to the spaces outside of the formal stage.

Adriano Filgher on Pirandello in “Life Verses Form”:

Most men live within frozen constructs, without even so much as surmizing that a dark, furious ocean may stir under them••• In the man who has achieved this deliverance from the form of life, any human construction arouses a sense of contrast which topples it under his very eyes. There is something comical and grievous at the same time un that crash. The crash is comical because it lays bare the intrinsic unreality of human construction, but grievous too, because, however flimsy, the demolished structure did afford man a shelter from the mad stream of life.

In his work, Pirandello attempts to illustrate the basic turmoil in the human condition. The turmoil is the inability of form to incorporate all of life. Thus, in his preface to “Six Characters in Search of an Author”, Pirandello writes: “The life which in order to exist has become fixed in our corporal form little by little kills that form.” Or note Vittorini’s interpretation of Pirandello’s message: “Man not only encloses himself in a concept, but he also immobolizes in it every one of his emotions and feelings.”

The Italian dram critic Glauco Cambon on Pirandello”

“To accept the construction into which Life has been forced; to participate in them with heartfelt belief and yet avoid crystalizing oneself in one of them or in

2 March 15, 1990

one of their systems, but to retain so much fusion or fluidity that one’s soul may go on to form without finally coagulating in any, fearing the impurities it inevitable carries its ceaseless flow, since that very flowing it: here is the practical wisdom of life.”

spiritual from form without along in will purify

Cambon, Glauco (ed.), Pirandello, New York, Prentice­ Hall Inc., 1967

The desirability of getting out of one’s limited character is a theme which is central to our paper and will soon be discussed in further detail.

Cyberspace is unique in that it is a computer generated reality. The use of machinery to generate alternate realities is not new however:

Buster Keaton’s “Sherlock Jr.”

Bryon Gysin”s Dream Machine evolving (or is it devoling?) into brain wave synchronizers

Tony Conrad’s Flicker

Papert microcosmos as creating virtual realities for educational purposes

Vahingher: even science dealing with virtual realities, realities as if

Role playing games such as Dungeons and Dragons changable characters utilize make-believe to engross participants in goal-directed group entertainment. Use changes of character to escape from the Pirandello confinds of • used in threatment

Role playing games as a subset of simulation games a game where the character is simulated

Significantly, a distinct subgroup of these role­ playing gamers have chosen computers connected via modems as the media for their encounters.

Theme oriented BBSs and handles Citadel There appears to be connection to ordinary

telecommunications. BBS messages have their own rules and • Networks such as Usenet, Arpanet, Fidonet have been compared to virtual communities.

Amongst other advantages this arrangement offers a readily available and accessable network in which to create a shared verbal cyberspace

A puppet is any object in cyberspace whose actions are controlled by a remote intellect. It is the vehicle through which a cybernaut experiences cyberspace. It is

3 March 15, 1990

comparable to the role as discussed above. It is the Pirandellian actor who is controlled by the play he is in.

The use of alternate realities as a psychotherapeutic tool has a history as well.

R. D. Lange the benefits of naturally occuring virutual realities. Although some may challenge the the effectiveness of his techniques, he viewed emotional disturbances but as valid alternate realities with purpose and

Several psychotherapy based on chemically induced

alternate realities usually involving hallucinagenic drugs

Hypnotherapy Image therapy

Even a form incorporasting Weiner’s pioneering work on cybernetics Max Maltz: psychocybernetics

George Kelly was a therapist main written work in the SOs? who utilized constructed verbal realities. He based his therapeutic interventions on the acting out of fictional personalities specifically designed by the therapist for each patient’s particular conflicts and character. According to Kelly, “.•• the client is to be given the full protection of a make-believe•••• this is probably man’s oldest protective screen for reaching out into the unknown.”

George Kelly’s theory of personality is based upon a philosophical viewpoint which he terms “construct alternativism”. This position assumes that there is always more than one way to effectively construct and live within a viewpoint of the world. The manner in which a a person views a situation is in many ways similar to the hypothesis of a scientist: both are tentative assertions whose validity is established through the execution of relevant experiments. Papert Kelly calls the hypotheses that man makes about himself and his world “constructs” and he calls the personal theories that result from their integration into a hierarchal structure “personal construct systems”.

Fixed-role therapy: Basically it involves the enactment by the client of a personality which is specifically written with him in mind. This character sketch is a fictional creation, in many ways very unsimilar to the client, even to the point of having a different name.

(need to distinguish between fictionalized characters and fictionalized narrations Not only are characters transformable but so is the story which these characters enact.

4 March 15, 1990

Donald Spence

pg29 “•••context must be supplied in order that understanding take place.”

pg 1 NTHT “••• There seems no doubt but that a well­ constructed story possesses a kind of narrative truth that is real and immediate and carries an important significance for the process of therapeutic change.

James Hillman

An excellent description of the possibilities of such an environment is contained in the following quote from Roy Schafer, who describes a metaphoric “second reality” taking place winthin a traditional psychoanalytic psychotherapy:

“Constructed in the analytic dialogue rather than simply uncovered or encountered by the analyst, this second reality is concrete, fluid, timeless, magical, passionately wishful, desperately frightened, and replete with subtle compromises. In maintaining the analytic attitude, the analyst is prepared for the arduous and exciting job of participating in the construction and reconstruction of this second reality, and through that, helping the analysand grow beyond the narrow and painful confines of his or her disturbed life.”

pg 45 “I wish to emphasize next that this second self presented by the analyst is analagous to the second self (or “implied author”) presented by creative writers.

••• One would have to say that there is a second psychic structure available to the analyst and creative writer alike.”

YEAH:

pg 53 “If, as I have proposed, the analytic realtionship amounts to a meeting and a development of two second selves (the analyt’s and the patient’s] , defined to a large extent by the nature of the analytic project, then it follows that this relationship may be called fictive. Fictive, not in the sense of artificial, inauthentic, or illusory, but in the sense of a relationship constructed by two people under highly specialized dialogic circumstances. It is not, however, its approximation to uniqeness that makes it fictive.

All relationships have a fictive aspect in that they are constructed by both parties involved; they are constructed out of what is conventially realistic and expectable and what is fantasized unconsciously. Among other things, the word fictive means fashioned or invented by imagination, and within the psychoanalytic perspective, all relationships are necessarily approached as fictive

5 March 15, 1990

Second self as a virtual self, role or character defined by the demands for coherency of supporting fictive narrative structure

Pg. 206 ••• These tellings and reconstructions (that comprise the fictive story” of an anaysis) are both verbal and nonverbal, and both explicit and implicit, and they occur both within the bounds of the sessions and, through acting out, beyond these bounds.

pg 219 “,••we are forever telling stories about others. These others, too, may be viewed as figures or other selves constitued by narrative actions. Other people are constructed in the telling about them; more exactly, we narrate others just as we narrate selves.

If we are forever telling stories about ourselves and others and to ourselves and others, it must be added that people do more than tell: like authors, they also

As there is no hard-and-fast line between telling and showing, either in literary narrative or in psychoanalysis, the competent psychonanalyst deals with telling as a form of showing and with showing as a form of

telling. Everything in analysis is both communication and demonstration (cf. Booth, 1961).

What is being proposed is the generation of a cyberspace

A prototype approximating thes around for half a century: for Thematic Appreception Test

conditions have been this has been in the

(TAT), a test for which Roy champion in such books as to make up a story around a This provides a springboard discuss.

Schafer was a pioneering requires the subject

visually presented picture. as to the topics he is to

The program which is the subject of this paper envisions a TAT-type cyberspace consisting of well-defined environments, each depicting specific themes capable of engaging psychological aspects of the person in verbal dialogue.

z

The collaborative dreams, as Jaron Lanier the head and founder of VPL calls them

At VPL, Lanier has been working on Visual Programming Language designed to facilitate

“I’m interested in it as sort of an emotional too,” Lanier says of virtual reality. “When you’re in virtual reality, you have to decide how you appear. You don’t look like your regular self. You can become an animal or a robot or something else. And this is psychologically extremely interesting.”

6 March 15, 1990

The Psychotherapeutic Possibilities of Cyberspace

Thoreau: “Our truest life is when we are in dreams awake.”

Introduction

Cyberspace has the potential to provide alternate realites in which to shape and influence a wide assortment of human activities. One area where it may prove beneficial is in assisting psychotherapeutic change.

Of note, just as the therapeutic experiences occur outside the therapy hour, the ideas presented here have relevance in less intensive contacts, including counseling, education and entertainment.

Virtual Realities in Art and Literature overview

In order to provide the necessary background for an understanding of its possible psychotherapeutic utilization [elaborate on how this cyberspace might]

[first discuss some of the literature relevant to alternate realities as it appears in several diverse fields. ]

Although the concept of a computer generated reality is new, the habitation and exploration of alternate realities is as old as history. Myth, magic, superstition are all familiar with these unordinary spaces.

Cyberia project member Randy Walser, “the cyberspace business is the magic business — the business of making illusions.”

Prevelance of science has relocated this business of magic to sanctioned forms of imaginative activity, namely the performing arts and literature which provide culturally acceptable access to other worlds. These forms of expression fundamentally relie on the suspension of disbelief for th generation of an alternate reality.

A number of writers in the performaning arts have focused

5/1/90

1

on the effect of alternate realties has on character. this should come as no surprise since a performasnce piece

be it film, video, theatre or dance is enacted in a virtual reality, the stage, screen, or monitor In addition, the dramatric effect relies on the suspension of disbelief, a phenomena central to the full fruition of cyberspace, and as yet not fully realized. This will hopefully.

The view that self identity and perceived environment also rests on a inherently arbitrary fabrication has been the content of some creative pieces which are particularly relevant to the present article.

Pirandello

Personality, character and change: Pirandello: personality is an entombing structure necessary for the cohency of identity but imposing unnatural restriction and inevitably resulting in conflict. Character as an artificially imposed reality on the self. Our concept of ourself as a unique and determined construct is only one of numerous possible alternatives. The turmoil of the human condition is the inability of form (identity) to incorporate all of life. Thus, in his preface to “Six Characters in Search of an Author”, Pirandello writes : “The life which in order to exist has become fixed in our corporal form little by little kills that form.” Or note Vittorini’s interpretation of Pirandello’s message: 11 Man not only encloses himself in a concept, but he also immobolizes in it every one of his emotions and feelings.”

The Italian drama critic Glauco Cambon on Pirandello” “To accept the construction into which Life has been

forced; to participate in them with heartfelt belief and

yet avoid crystalizing oneself in one of them or in one of their systems, but to retain so much spiritual fusion or fluidity that one’s soul may go on from form to form without finally coagulating in any, without fearing the impurities it inevitable carries along in its ceaseless flow, since that very flowing will purify it: here is the practical wisdom of life.” And here is how therapeutic interventions can modify particular structures of identity which lead to inflexible and pathological functioning.

Other References

Buster Keaton “Sherlock Jr.”

Bunuel’s “That Obscure Object of Desire” Jean Genet “The Balcony”

Huxley’s Feelies

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Fantasy Role Playing

This is a process which naturally occurs in Role playing games such as Dungeons and Dragons changable characters utilize make-believe to engross participants in goal­ directed group entertainment. Use changes of character to escape from the Pirandello confinds of. used in threatment

Role playing games as a subset of simulation games where the character is simulated

a game

Machine-qeneratered realities

The desirability of getting out of one’s limited character is a theme which is central to the present paper. It has been explored arts now technology is offering a new

Cyberspace is unique in that it is a computer generated reality. The use of machinery to generate alternate realities is not new however:

Bryon Gysin’s Dream Machine evolving (or is it devoling?) into brain wave synchronizers

Tony Conrad’s Flicker

John Lilly and isolation tanks

Papert microcosmos as creating virtual realities for educational purposes

Vahingher: even science dealing with virtual realities, realities as if

Theme oriented BBSs and handles Citadel There appears to be connection to ordinary

telecommunications. BBS messages have their own rules and

. Networks such as Usenet, Arpanet, Fidonet have been compared to virtual communities.

Amongst other advantages this arrangement offers a readily available and accessable network in which to create a shared verbal cyberspace

a distinct subgroup of the fantasy role-playing gamers have chosen computers connected via modems as the media for their encounters.

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