The term is attributed to Klaus Conrad,who defined it as the “unmotivated seeing of connections” accompanied by a “specific experience of an abnormal meaningfulness”.
In 1958, Klaus Conrad published a monograph titled Die beginnende Schizophrenie. Versuch einer Gestaltanalyse des Wahns (“The onset of schizophrenia: an attempt to form an analysis of delusion”),in which he described in groundbreaking detail the earliest stages of schizophrenia. He coined the word “Apophänie” to characterize the onset of delusional thinking in psychosis. This neologism was translated into English as “apophenia” (from the Greek apo
[away from] + phaenein [to show]) to reflect the fact that a schizophrenic initially experiences delusion as revelation.
Daniel Kahnemantwo types of processing truth/reality whether narrative or historical during the processing which takes time as opposed to the visceral reaction
With Amos Tversky and others, Kahneman established a cognitive basis for common human errors that arise from heuristics and biases (Kahneman & Tversky, 1973; Kahneman, Slovic & Tversky, 1982; Tversky & Kahneman, 1974), and developed prospect theory (Kahneman & Tversky, 1979).
- Jorge Luis Borges‘s Book of Sand
- Vladimir Nabokov’s Pale Fire
- Thomas Pynchon‘s Crying of Lot 49
- Hermann Rorschach’s Rorschach test
- Schactel Experienial Foundations
Paranoia is a thought process believed to be heavily influenced by anxiety or fear , often to the point of irrationality and delusion . Paranoid thinking typically includes persecutory beliefs, or beliefs of conspiracy concerning a perceived threat towards oneself. Historically, this characterization was used to describe any delusional state. In modern colloquial use, the term “paranoia” is sometimes misused to describe a phobia .  The general lack of blame in phobia disorders sharply differentiates the two.
Some of our best minds have been taken from us by UFOs
Damon Knight Squeezed
Reich as an example
Ideas of Reference
Confucius: Tame a wild horse … finding that right medium between imagination and reality
Confabulation as a form of aphophenia …. narrative makes disjointed memories smoother