Tobin, a researcher at Case Western Reserve University, writes for TheConversationthat one of the most enjoyable moments of a film or novel comes after the big reveal, when we get to go back and look at the clues we may have missed. “The most satisfying surprises get their power from giving us a fresh, better way of making sense of the material that came before,” Tobin writes. “This is another opportunity for stories to turn the curse of knowledge to their advantage.”
The curse of knowledge, Tobin explains, refers to a psychological effect in which knowledge affects our perception and “trips us up in a lot of ways.” For instance, a puzzle always seems easier than it really is after we’ve learned how to solve it, and once we know which team won a baseball game, we tend to overestimate how likely that particular outcome was.
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